1874 Merrill Map of the Battle of Franklin during the American Civil War

Franklin-merrill-1874
$350.00
Battlefield in front of Franklin, Tenn. where the United States Forces, consisting of the 4th and 23rd Corp and the Cavalry Corps M.D.M., all under the command of Maj. Gen'l J.M. Schofield, severely repulsed the Confederate Army, commanded by Lt. Gen'l Hood November 30th 1864.
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1874 Merrill Map of the Battle of Franklin during the American Civil War

Franklin-merrill-1874

Depicts one of the more calamitous Confederate defeats of the American Civil War - it is sometimes referred to as the 'Pickett's Charge of the West'.
$350.00

Title


Battlefield in front of Franklin, Tenn. where the United States Forces, consisting of the 4th and 23rd Corp and the Cavalry Corps M.D.M., all under the command of Maj. Gen'l J.M. Schofield, severely repulsed the Confederate Army, commanded by Lt. Gen'l Hood November 30th 1864.
  1874 (dated)    28.5 x 19 in (72.39 x 48.26 cm)     1 : 10560

Description


This is a separate issue 1874 William Emery Merrill map of the Battle of Franklinduring the American Civil War. Founded in a bend of the Harpeth River, Franklin, Tennessee and its environs are depicted here in incredible detail. Stretching from Dr. Ewing's homestead on the left to S. C. Owen's homestead on the right and from Mrs. Eweler's house near the top to the Kirkpatrick estate near the bottom, numerous homesteads, houses, and settlements are labeled with their owner's name throughout and, within Franklin itself, the individual streets are illustrated and labeled. Even more detail is added through the illustration of roads and railroads, and detailed topography is included and shown by hachure. Union and Confederate forces are illustrated in their battle lines, predominantly to the southeast of Franklin, with the Union forces colored blue and Confederate forces shaded in red.

The Battle of Franklin

The Battle of Franklin, which took place on November 30, 1864, was one of the worst disasters of the war for the Confederate States Army. Led by Lieutenant General John Bell Hood, Confederate forces attacked a fortified Union force and was unable to dislodge the Union soldiers from the position. Although the Confederates exploited a gap in Union fortifications at the beginning of the battle, they were unable to fully take advantage of the break through. The battle ended in a Union counterattack and, essentially, a stalemate, as the Confederates ended the day almost exactly where they had started it. Confederate casualties at least doubled, if not tripled, those suffered by the Union army, and, under the cover of darkness, Union forces abandoned Franklin and continued their very organized retreat to Nashville, where they reinforced an already strong Union defensive line.

This map was compiled under the direction of William Emery Merrill from surveys made by Major James R. Willett, and Major T.J.L. Remington and was published by orde4r of the Secretary of War in the Office of the Chief of Engineers of the U.S. Army. While represented in institutional collections, this map is rarely seen on the market.

Cartographer


William Emery Merrill (October 11, 1837 - December 14, 1891) was an American engineer and soldier. Born at Fort Howard, Wisconsin, Merrill graduated first in his class at the United States Military Academy at West Point i n1859 and served as an assistant professor of engineering at the Academy from September 1860 until July 1861. During the American Civil War, Merrill served as assistant engineer in the Army of the Potomac during the Peninsular Campaign and in the Northern Virginia Campaign. From July 1864 until September 1865, Wright commanded a regiment of veteran volunteer engineers. After the war, from 1867 until 1870, Wright served as chief engineer on the staff of General William T. Sherman and, following his departure from General Sherman's staff, working on engineering project for the government until his death from heart failure in December 1891.

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Closed margin tears professionally repaired on verso. Blank on verso.

References


LOC G3964.F7S5 1874 .M41. Stephenson, R. W., Civil War Maps; an Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in Map Collections of the Library of Congress, 423. OCLC 50540153.
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