A New Map of Gallia Cisalpina and Graecia Magna Shewing their Chief Divisions, Peoples, Cities, Towns etc.
19.5 x 15.5 in (49.53 x 39.37 cm)
1 : 1850000
This is a charming 1712 map of the northern Italy and southern Italy in antiquity by Edward Wells of Oxford. Essentially two maps on a single sheet, the top map depicts the northern part of Italy from Lake Geneva (Lake Lemanus) to Volterra (Volaterrae). The lower map covers the southern part of Italy from Salerno (Salernum) to Reggio (Rhegum) and includes the northeastern part of the Island of Sicily. Both maps identify important cities and towns and uses ancient names throughout. The Roman districts of Umbriae, Veneti, Etruriae, Carni, Gallia, Cisalpina, Liguria, etc. on the upper map and Siciliae, Brutii, Apuliae, Graecia, etc. in the lower map are also noted. During the first centuries of Imperial Rome, Italia was the territory of the city of Rome rather than a province, and enjoyed a special status such that the armies of military commanders were not allowed into the region.
A decorative cartouche appears on the top left quadrant of the map featuring the coat of arms of the Duke of Gloucester. This, like many other Wells maps, is dedicated to Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and son of Queen Anne, who, when this map was being prepared, was a student at Oxford. Engraved by Sutton Nicholls and published by T. Bonwicke for the 1712 edition of Edward Wells' Atlas, A New Sett of Maps both of Ancient and Present Geography.
Edward Wells (1667 - 1727) was an English mathematician, geographer, and classical scholar based at Christ Church College, Oxford. Wells trained for the ministry but quickly found himself unsuited to religious life and instead applied for an academic position at Oxford, where he authored numerous well respected works on a wide range of mathematical and scientific topics. He tutored Prince William, the sickly son of Queen Anne, who was likely about 11 at the time this map was prepared. Wells dedicated nearly all of the maps in his atlas, A New Sett of Maps both of Ancient and Present Geography, to the young prince - quite possibly posthumously, as William died in July of 1700 shortly prior to the publication of the atlas. Nonetheless, Wells' geography proved popular and was published in number editions well into the 1730s. More by this mapmaker...
Wells, E., A New Sett of Maps both of Ancient and Present Geography, (London, T. w. Bonwicke) c. 1712.
A New Sett of Maps both of Ancient and Present Geography was published by Edward Wells in various editions between 1701 and 1730. The publication contained some 40 maps all of which were dedicated to Prince William, Duke of Gloucester. Wells tutored the young prince at Christchurch, Oxford and seems to have developed a close relationship with him. At just 11 years of age, William died in 1700 and never had the opportunity to see the published work that he inspired. The atlas was intended for educational purposes with a focus on school use.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Some wear and creasing along original fold lines. Narrow margins. Corners show rusted paper clip stains.