1840 Schulz German Edition of LeGrande's Mechanical Globe

Künstlich Mechanischer Globus zum Gebrauch des Kleinen Geographer. - Main View

1840 Schulz German Edition of LeGrande's Mechanical Globe


Novel collapsible globe.


Künstlich Mechanischer Globus zum Gebrauch des Kleinen Geographer.
  1850 (undated)     8 x 5 in (20.32 x 12.7 cm)


A very attractive example of Augustin Legrand's collapsible mechanical globe, here in a c. 1840 German edition. The globe is a novel educational tool, allowing the Earth to be presented as a globe, but also in various other formats, thus more deeply illustrating the curvature of the Earth and the challenges of presenting it on a flat map. Moreover, by holding the globe up to light and spinning it, one can mimic various astronomical events.
A Closer Look
The globe consists of six hand-colored engraved gores combined along the equator and connected with a network of strings, which emerge from both the top and the bottom. Sliding toggles can contract the string to force the gores into globular form. The globe is undated, but its inclusion of Ascension (Himelsfarth) Island, St. Helena Island, and the Galapagos suggests an early date of 1840. (They do not appear on the original Legrand, and Darwin's voyage on the Beagle, which touched on all these places, was published 1839.) In addition, the globe comes with an 8-page geographical text, as well as a double-sided chart explaining the application of the globe to illustrate the rotation of the Earth, the Zodiac, and more.
Publication History and Census
The present example was published in Stuttgart by Friederich Gustav Schulz. Legrand patented the original in 1823, and it was subsequently copied by publishers in France, Italy, England, and, as here, Germany. Although it appears on the market from time to time, it is rare in working order. We see one example of Schultz' edition in the collection of the Universitats und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt.


Augustin Legrand (fl. c. 1800 - 1835) was a French engraver and publisher active in Paris in he early 19h century. Legrand is best known for his small format folding pocket globe, but also issued the 1826 Atlas Geographique et Geologique des quatres parties du monde et de la France en particulier.. He should not be confused with the 18th century au pointille engraver of the same name. More by this mapmaker...

Friederich Gustav Schulz (May 12, 1786 - November 27, 1859) was a German commercial printer working in Stuttgart in the mid-nineteenh century. He produced broadsides and penny-prints, mainly. He is known to have produced an 1841 map of the United States (Charte Der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-America) and a folding globe with an accompanying handbook. Learn More...


Very good. Gores very slightly worn at poles, but all intact, as are strings; globe functions fully. Original booklet, cover scuffed with some loss; some pages separated, though all present.


OCLC 1137380676. National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, GLB0240.1.