Griechenland und Kleinasien vom XIten bis in die Mitte des XIIIten Jhdts.
1860 (dated) 15 x 18 in (38.1 x 45.72 cm)
This is Karl von Spruner's 1854 historical map of Greece and Asia Minor (Turkey) from the 11th to the mid-13th century. The map coves Greece and Turkey from Bulgaria in the north to Crete and Cyprus in the south and as far as Armenia in the east. Two inset maps on the lower left corner detail Livadia and Morea, and Hellespont and Propontis (Sea of Marmara and Bosporus). The period between the 11th and the mid-13th century marked a sharp decline of Byzantine hegemony in the region. After a majority of Asia Minor, the heartland of the empire, was lost to the Turks in 1071, the Byzantine Komnenos Dynasty managed to maintain the empire until 1181. Following the 1180 the death of emperor Andronikos I Komnenos and another period of decline, the Fourth Crusade (1204) divided the empire into Greek and Latin states. Constantinople was eventually recovered by the Palaiologoi Dynasty, but ultimately fell to the Ottomans in 1453, marking the formal end of the Byzantine empire. This map is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship of the Perthes firm. Prepared by Karl Spruner for publication as plate SO III in the second edition of Justus Perthes' 1854 Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit.
Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892.
Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day.
Spruner, Karl, Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten Europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit, 1854.
Very good. Blank on verso. Original centerfold. Original platemark visible.
Rumsey 2600.050. OCLC 4125021.