A Celestial Planisphere, or Map of the Heavens.
1833 (dated) 15.5 x 21 in (39.37 x 53.34 cm)
This is a rare and beautiful 1833 hand colored map of the night sky by Elijah Burritt. Centered on the ecliptic Line, this map identifies the various zones associated with each major constellation. The Milky Way is shaded. A scale exhibiting the sun's place in the ecliptic at various times of the year appears at the base of the map. This map, like all of Burritt's charts, is based on the celestial cartographic work of Ignace-Gaston Pardies and Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr.
The map was engraved Illman and Pilbrow under the direction of E. H. Burritt and issued as plate no. VII in the 1833 first edition of F. J. Huntington's Atlas, Designed to Illustrate the Geography of the Heavens. There are several editions of this atlas, the most common being the 1835 by Burritt. Only the earliest editions are colorized.
Elijah Hinsdale Burritt (April 20, 1794 - January 3, 1838) was an American astronomer and mathematician active in Connecticut. Burritt is often called 'the forgotten astronomer.' Burrito was born to an impoverished family and was initially apprenticed as a blacksmith. After an injury on the job, Burritt turned to astronomy with a passion. He studied at Williams Collage, from which he graduated in 1816. After graduation he moved to Milledgeville, then capital of Georgia. He bought at local schools for several years but, being a northerner, began to feel uncomfortable as his 'yankee attitudes' alienated him from his peers. He returned to Connecticut in 1829 and turned his parents home into an observatory to pursue his love of astronomy. Burrito then organized a group of 30 settlers to relocate to the newly formed Republic of Texas. There Burritt and many of his fellow settlers contracted Yellow Fever and died. His seminal work, Burritt's Geography of the Heavens was published from Hartford, Connecticut, from approximately 1833. The work, while primarily educational in nature, was the seminal American geography of the period. Much of the nomenclature they developed, especially regarding the visible stars and constellations of the Southern Hemisphere, is still in use today. The Atlas itself consisted of eight charts depicting the Heavens seasonally and hemispherically. Constellations were depicted figurally though only the most important stars were noted. The Geography of the Heavens was the last decorative Celestial reference in the 19th century. Burrit's Geography was among the most prized possessions of fantasy / horror writer H.P. Lovecraft who wrote:
"My maternal grandmother, who died when I was six, was a devoted lover of astronomy, having made that a specialty at Lapham Seminary, where she was educated; and though she never personally showed me the beauties of the skies, it is to her excellent but somewhat obsolete collection of astronomical books that I owe my affection for celestial science. Her copy of Burritt's Geography of the Heavens is today the most prized volume in my library." (to Maurice W. Moe, 1 January 1915)
As a side note Elijah Burritt is the brother of the more famous Elihu Burritt, who was known for his philanthropic and social work.
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Huntington and Savage, Atlas, Designed To Illustrate The Geography Of The Heavens, New Edition, 1835.
Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Small tear repaired at center.
Rumsey 2853.005. Kanas, N., Star Maps, p. 277-78. Kidwell, Peggy Aldrich, Elijah Burritt and the 'Geography of the Heavens.', Sky & Telescope 69 (Jan 1985).