Carte des Indes orientales dessinée suivant les observations les plus recentes, dont le principal est tirée des cartes hydrographiques de Mr. D'Apres de Mannevillette. Dediée tres humblement à Son Altesse Serenissime Monsgr. le Prince Guillaume Charles Henry Friso, Souverain Prince d'Orange, Pr. de S.E. de Nassa, Stadthoudre hereditaire, Admiral et General Capit. des Provinces unies etc. etc, Chevalier de l'Ordre de Jarretiere, par ses tres humbles et tres soumis serviteurs l'Auteur et les. Heritiers de Homan. I. Feuille dans la quelle on represente les Indes deca la Riviere de Ganges, le Golfe de Bengale, Siam, Malacca, Sumatra. II. Feuille, qui comprend les isles de Sonde, l'archipel des Philippines, & les isles Moluques. dresseé par Mr. Tobie Mayer de la Societé Geograph.
1748 (dated) 21 x 35 in (53.34 x 88.9 cm)
1 : 10500000
This is a beautiful old color 1748 Homann Heirs map of India, Southeast Asia, and the East Indies. This map stretches from India, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka (Ceylon) in the west to the Marianas in the east, and China and Tibet in the north to Indonesia and Australia (Nova Hollandia) and centers on Southeast Asia, including Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam (Tonquin and Cochinchina) and Malaysia. Indonesia is labeled, including the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. Timor island is marked as well as New Guinea and Papua New Guinea. To the northeast lie the Philippines, where Luzon, Leyte, and several of the other islands in the archipelago are named. Taiwan (Formosa) lies to the north of the Philippines. The detail of this map is astounding. Delhi (Delly) appears on the map in India, as well as Portuguese Goa, the Ganges River, the Yangtze River, Nanjing (Nanking), Manila, and too many other cities, towns, and rivers to count.
Cartographically this map is derived from the work of the French cartographer and navigator Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis d'Après de Mannevillette (1707 – 1780). Mannevillette spent several years in the far east producing numerous surveys and updating older maps. His maritime atlas, the Neptune Oriental offered a wealth of new cartographic and maritime information in relation to the far east. It was published in 1745 and influenced numerous subsequent maps, as in the present 1748 example by Tobias Mayer and Homann Heirs.
Johann Baptist Homann (March 20, 1664 - July 1, 1724) was the most prominent and prolific map publisher of the 18th century. Homann was born in Oberkammlach, a small town near Kammlach, Bavaria, Germany. As a young man Homann studied in a Jesuit school and nursed ambitions of becoming a Dominican priest before converting to Protestantism in 1687. Following his conversion, Homann moved to Nuremberg and found employment as a notary. Around 1693 Homan briefly relocated to Vienna, where he lived and studied printing and copper plate engraving until 1695. Afterwards he returned to Nuremberg where, in 1702, he founded the commercial publishing firm that would bear his name. In the next five years Homann produced hundreds of maps and developed a distinctive style characterized by heavy detailed engraving, elaborate allegorical cartouche work, and vivid hand color. The Homann firm, due to the lower cost of printing in Germany, was able to undercut the dominant French and Dutch publishing houses while matching the diversity and quality of their output. By 1715 Homann's rising star caught the attention of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the VI, who appointed him Imperial Cartographer. In the same year he was also appointed a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Homann's prestigious title came with a number of important advantages including access to the most up to date cartographic information as well as the "Privilege". The Privilege was a type of early copyright offered to a few individuals by the Holy Roman Emperor. Though not as sophisticated as modern copyright legislation, the Privilege did offer a kind of limited protection for several years. Most all J. B. Homann maps printed between 1715 and 1730 bear the inscription "Cum Priviligio" or some variation. Following Homann's death in 1726, the management of the firm passed to his son Johann Christoph Homann (1703 - 1730). J. C. Homann, perhaps realizing that he would not long survive his father, stipulated in his will that the company would be inherited by his two head managers, Johann Georg Ebersberger and Johann Michael Franz, and that it would publish only under the name Homann Heirs. This designation, in various forms (Homannsche Heirs, Heritiers de Homann, Lat Homannianos Herod, Homannschen Erben, etc..) appears on maps from about 1731 onwards. The firm continued to publish maps in ever diminishing quantities until the death of its last owner, Christoph Franz Fembo in 1848.
Tobias Mayer (17 February 1723 – 20 February 1762) was a German astronomer and cartographer famous for his studies of the Moon. He was born in Marbach, Germany and raised in Esslingen in poverty. He began working for the Homann Heirs company in 1746. There, he showed outstanding prowess and introduced many improvements to cartography. For example, Mayer composed Mappa Critica, which illustrated the accuracy, or rather lack thereof, of the latitudes and longitudes of locations in Germany. The map showed three Germanies according to three different cartographers, de l'Isle, Homann, and himself. 'The latitudes of the cities was mostly consistent, whereas the longitudes of some places (such as Dresden or Prague) differed by as much as a degree, thus showing to what extent longitude was problematic even on land' (Wepster, Steven, Between Theory and Observations: Tobias Mayer's Explorations of Lunar Motion, 1751-1755, Berlin, 2009). Mayer went on to create some of the first charts of the Moon and his chart of the full moon was unsurpassed for half a century. His fame comes from his lunar tables, and thanks to his scientific reputation he was elected as the chair of economy and mathematics at the University of Göttingen in 1751. He became superintendent of the observatory in 1754, where he worked until his death in 1762.
Good. Backed on archival tissue with some repairs and reinforcements and fold intersections. Recto exhibits some soiling visible in photos. Original annotations in blue and red pencil.