1659 Blaeu Map of Southern North Jutland

Pars Australior Iutiae Septentrionalis, in qua Dioeceses Ripensis et Arhusiensis. - Main View

1659 Blaeu Map of Southern North Jutland


From the final, Spanish edition of the Atlas Maior.


Pars Australior Iutiae Septentrionalis, in qua Dioeceses Ripensis et Arhusiensis.
  1659 (undated)     17.5 x 23 in (44.45 x 58.42 cm)     1 : 350000


This is Joan Blaeu's 1659 map of southern-central Denmark, or the southern part of Jutland. It is among the scarcest of Blaeu's maps, appearing in a sole edition of the Novuus Atlas and subsequently in the Atlas Maior. It shows the Dioceses of Ribe and Aarhus, the Protestant sees administering the southern Jutland Peninsula from as far south as Haderslev and the island of Fionia, as far north as Onsild in the east and Lemvig in the west. The map is superbly detailed and engraved, typical of the younger Blaeu's work at its creative peak. There is a superb cartouche, behind which three cowherds and their bovine charges are trying unsuccessfully to hide.
Blaeu's cartographic source is not given. The inclusion of this map and the accompanying ones of regional Denmark in the atlas does coincide with the addition of the maps of Schleswig-Holstein, drawn by Johannes Mejer (1606 - 1674) and engraved for the atlas of that duchy he produced with Caspar Danckwerth. Mejer did produce a manuscript map of the Kingdom of Denmark, so it is possible that he may have provided the source for Blaeu's maps. However, Meyer's death in debt suggests that no great influx of cash from the house of Blaeu followed.
Publication History and Census
This map was printed first in 1659 for inclusion in the Spanish edition of Novuus Atlas, and was included without change in subsequent editions of the Atlas Maior. Three examples of the complete Nuevo atlas o Teatro del mundo are catalogued in OCLC. Six listings of the separate map in later issues appear. Only one example of the 1659 issue of the separate map is listed in an institutional collection, that of the Biblioteca Nacional de España.


Joan (Johannes) Blaeu (September 23, 1596 - December 21, 1673) was a Dutch cartographer active in the 17th century. Joan was the son of Willem Janszoon Blaeu, founder of the Blaeu firm. Like his father Willem, Johannes was born in Alkmaar, North Holland. He studied Law, attaining a doctorate, before moving to Amsterdam to join the family mapmaking business. In 1633, Willem arranged for Johannes to take over Hessel Gerritsz's position as the official chartmaker of the Dutch East India Company, although little is known of his work for that organization, which was by contract and oath secretive. What is known is his work supplying the fabulously wealthy VOC with charts was exceedingly profitable. Where other cartographers often fell into financial ruin, the Blaeu firm thrived. It was most likely those profits that allowed the firm to publish the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive, Atlas Novus, their most significant and best-known publication. When Willem Blaeu died in 1638, Johannes, along with his brother Cornelius Blaeu (1616 - 1648) took over the management of the Blaeu firm. In 1662, Joan and Cornelius produced a vastly expanded and updated work, the Atlas Maior, whose handful of editions ranged from 9 to an astonishing 12 volumes. Under the brothers' capable management, the firm continued to prosper until the 1672 Great Amsterdam Fire destroyed their offices and most of their printing plates. Johannes Blaeu, witnessing the destruction of his life's work, died in despondence the following year. He is buried in the Dutch Reformist cemetery of Westerkerk. Johannes Blaeu was survived by his son, also Johannes but commonly called Joan II, who inherited the family's VOC contract, for whom he compiled maps until 1712. More by this mapmaker...


Blaeu, J., Nuevo Atlas, (Amsterdam) 1659.     The classic Dutch atlas, whose publication ushered in the Dutch golden age of cartography. Willem Jansz Blaeu had been, since 1604, producing engraved maps for sale; these were separate issues (and all consequently extremely rare) until the publishing of Blaeu's Appendix in 1630 and 1631, which also included a number of maps purchased from the widow of Jodocus Hondius, (for example his famous iteration of John Smith's map of Virginia.) In 1634, he announced his intention to produce a new world atlas in two volumes, entitled Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus (in an effort to invoke the successful work of the same title produced by Ortelius the previous century, while reinforcing the notion of it being a new work.) This work was published first in German in 1634, followed by Latin, Dutch and French editions in 1635. Blaeu's maps have always been noted for the quality of their paper, engraving and fine coloring, and this was the intent from the very start. The 1634 announcement of the upcoming work described it: 'All editions on very fine paper, completely renewed with newly engraved copperplates and new, comprehensive descriptions.' (van der Krogt, p,43) Many of the most beautiful and desirable maps available to the modern collector were printed and bound in Blaeu's atlases. Willem's son, Joan, would go on to add further volumes to the Atlas Novus, concurrently printing new editions of the first two volumes with additional maps, in effect making these new editions an entirely new book. Under Joan there would be nine Latin editions, twelve French, at least seven Dutch, and two German. This exceedingly successful work would be the mainstay of the Blaeu firm until 1661, at which point the work was supplanted by Joan Blaeu's masterwork Atlas Maior in 1662.


Very good. Some light toning and offsetting, else excellent with superb original color.


OCLC 828268229. Rumsey 10017.037. Van der Krogt, P. C. J., Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, V. 1, 1554:2:641.