Carte des Gouvernements de Languedoc, de Foix et de Roussillon avec la Partie Oriental du Gouvernement de Guinne.
1771 (dated) 16.5 x 14 in (41.91 x 35.56 cm)
1 : 930000
A beautiful 1771 example of Rigobert Bonne's decorative map of the French winemaking regions of Languedoc, de Foix and Roussillon. Covers the region in full from Auvergne to the Spain and the Mediterranean.
The Languedoc wine-growing region area is home to a wide variety of vineyards and is the oldest and largest in France. The department of Aude is famous for its wide variety of vineyards and wine production. In the east are the wines of Corbieres and la Clape, in the center are Minervois and Cotes de Malpeyre, and in the south, blanquette de Limoux. A wide variety of wines come out of the Pyrenees-Orientales region, including the famous Muscat wine. This wine can be tasted as an aperitif or with dessert. It pairs especially well with Roquefort cheeses.
The remote mountainous part of Languedoc is rural, sparsely populated, and extremely beautiful. Lozere is famous for its cheese production. Their Roquefort, 'Bleu des Causses', and Tomme de Lozere varieties, for instance, are world-renowned. Aveyron, centered on Rodez, is famous for its production of Roquefort, a flavorful ewe's milk blue cheese. This region is also known for the legendary Bete du Gevaudan, a terrible man-wolf who terrorizes the countryside.
A large decorative title cartouche appears in the lower right quadrant. Drawn by R. Bonne in 1771 for issue as plate no. L 5 in Jean Lattre's Atlas Moderne.
Rigobert Bonne (October 6, 1727 - September 2, 1794) was one of the most important French cartographers of the late 18th century. Bonne was born in Ardennes à Raucourt, France. He taught himself mathematics and by eighteen was a working engineer. During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 - 1748) he served as a military engineer at Berg-op-Zoom. It the subsequent years Bonne became one of the most respected masters of mathematics, physics, and geography in Paris. In 1773, Bonne succeeded Jacques-Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period - most on an equal-area projection known erroneously as the 'Bonne Projection.' Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more scientific and practical aesthetic. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal. Bonne died of edema in 1794, but his son Charles-Marie Rigobert Bonne continued to publish his work well after his death.
Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.
Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c.1778.
Very good. Some toning and wear along original centerfold. Minor foxing. Original platemark visible.
Rumsey 2612.017. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.