This item has been sold, but you can enter your email address to be notified if another example becomes available, or purchase a digital scan.

1861 Mitchell Map of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi

LouisianaMississippiArkansas-mitchell-1861
$125.00
Map of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas. - Main View
Processing...

1861 Mitchell Map of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi

LouisianaMississippiArkansas-mitchell-1861

Illustrates the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad, which completed the direct rail link between New Orleans and Chicago.

SOLD

Title


Map of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas.
  1860 (dated)     14 x 11.25 in (35.56 x 28.575 cm)     1 : 3000000

Description


This is an 1861 Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. map of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. The map depicts the region from Indian Territory and Texas to Tennessee and Alabama and from Missouri and Tennessee to the Gulf of Mexico. Though unlabeled, the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad in Louisiana appears to be illustrated, along with its connection to the Mississippi Central, which ran to Jackson and then on to Memphis, Tennessee. Several other completed railroads and are illustrated and unlabeled, as well as several more that were planned or in the process of being constructed.

Individual counties are illustrated, labeled, and shaded different colors to allow for easy differentiation in all three states. Cities, such as Jackson, New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Little Rock are labeled, along with myriad other towns and villages. Rivers, creeks, and lakes are illustrated, though not all are labeled.

This map was prepared by S. A. Mitchell Jr. for inclusion in the 1861 edition of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Like many American map publishers of this period, Mitchell did not regularly update his copyrights, consequently this map is dated and copyrighted to 1860: 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'

Cartographer


Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time. Learn More...

Source


Mitchell, S. A., Mitchell's New General Atlas Containing Maps of the Various Countries of the World, Plans of Cities, Etc., embraced in Forty-Seven Quarto Maps, Forming a series of Seventy-Six Maps and Plans, together with Valuable Statistical Tables (Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr.) 1861.     Mitchell's New General Atlas was published by Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr., the son of the prolific cartographer Samuel Augustus Mitchell. Many of the plates are derived from the his father's Mitchell's Universal Atlas, but not directly. The Mitchell's Universal Atlas was initially sold to Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company in 1849, and again to Charles Deliver in 1856. It was Deliver who introduced the new vibrant color scheme, abandoning the older Mitchell's Universal Atlas green borders and themes for bright reds, blues, and yellows. Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. acquired the Deliver plates in 1859. He added his own floral motif border, but doubled down on the vibrant color scheme, thus introducing to the American public the most vividly colored American atlas of the 19th century. In 1860, he published the first edition of his New General Atlas and, despite a slump in sales during the American Civil War, attained a level of success to rival his father. Mitchell would continue to publish the New General Atlas until 1887, when the firm formally closed.

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.

References


Rumsey 0565.019 (1860 edition).