1890 U. S. Geological Survey Chart or Map of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Set of 2 Maps)

MarthasVineyardGay-usgs-1890
$300.00
Massachusetts Gay Head Sheet. Massachusetts (Dukes County) Martha's Vineyard Sheet.
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1890 U. S. Geological Survey Chart or Map of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Set of 2 Maps)

MarthasVineyardGay-usgs-1890

Set of topographical maps of Martha's Vineyard.

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Title


Massachusetts Gay Head Sheet. Massachusetts (Dukes County) Martha's Vineyard Sheet.
  1890 (dated 1887)    20 x 29 in (50.8 x 73.66 cm)     1 : 62500

Description


An uncommon U.S. Geological Survey map, in two sheets, of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, from 1890. The left sheet details Gay Head and Chilmark as well as parts of Buzzard Bay and the Elizabeth Islands. A smaller island to the south of Gay Head is identified as 'No Mans Land.' The right sheet contains the Bulk of Martha’s Vineyard from Chilmark to Chappaquiddick Island and Cape Pogue Bay. Includes both Edgartown and Vineyard Haven. Both charts are drawn from survey work completed by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1887.

Cartographer


The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.

Condition


Very good. Minor foxing. Set of two maps.

References


Rumsey 2883.048, 2883.043.