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1903 Dodge and Donn Map of Maui, Hawaiian Islands

Maui, Hawaiian Islands. - Main View

1903 Dodge and Donn Map of Maui, Hawaiian Islands


First scientific survey of Maui.


Maui, Hawaiian Islands.
  1903 (dated)     44.75 x 54.25 in (113.665 x 137.795 cm)     1 : 60000


This is the 1903 Frank S. Dodge and John M. Donn map of Maui in the Hawaiian Islands. This map is the first scientific survey of Maui as well as the first map commissioned by U.S. Government after Hawaii's 1898 annexation.
A Closer Look
The map was created for the transition to United States governance as well as to to assess economic opportunities. Rubber plantations, good agricultural land, sugar and pineapple plantations, and former Crown lands are identified. Grants and other land holdings are named along with towns: Lahaina, Kihei (labeled here as Kehei), Kihului, Makena, and Hana.
The Hawaiian Government Survey
The Hawaiian Government Survey was formed in 1870, when the Hawaiian Minister of the Interior, Dr. Ferdinand W. Hutchinson, asked the Legislature for $5,000 for 'Government Surveying'. Dr. Hutchinson appointed William D. Alexander surveyor general. Alexander in turn hired Curtis J. Lyons, a former surveyor and legislator, as his assistant. In 1871 they hired two assistants, J. F. Brown and J. M. Lydgate. The primary goal was to map the islands so the government could assess the territory. In addition, maps produced were available for public use. The Survey established the first sophisticated triangulation of the islands, mapped their topography, and compiled individual surveys into larger maps. Work began on the island of Maui, then moved to Oahu and Hawaii, then to the other islands. Work continued until 1901, when the Hawaiian Government Survey became the Hawaiian Territorial Survey and Walter E. Wall succeeded Alexander as Territorial Surveyor.
Publication History and Census
This map was originally created by Frank S. Dodge for the Hawaiian Government Survey and published in 1885. The primary triangulation was accomplished by W. D. Alexander and S.E. Bishop and the topography is the work of W. D. Alexander, C. J. Lyons, M. D. Monsarrat, F. S. Dodge, S. E. Bishop, E. D. Baldwin, and W. R. Lawrence. The present edition was updated by John M. Donn in 1903 and published in 1907 as part of the 'Report of the Governor of Hawaii' in the Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1906. The separate map is well represented in institutional collections.


Frank S. Dodge (1855 - July 17, 1914) was an American engineer and surveyor. Educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and, upon graduation, was recruited by the Hawaiian Government Survey, arriving in the islands in 1880. When he arrived, the job he had been told would be available had been filled, but William DeWitt Alexander, the founding director of the Hawaiian Government Survey, hired him to do some surveying work on Maui. Dodge did such a good job in this assignment that he earned a permanent position on the survey team. He served with the Survey until 1899, eventually rising to be head of the office staff, and surveying many of the cities in the islands. After resigning from the Survey, he became the land agent for the Bishop Estate, a position he held until four years before his death, when he suffered a stroke that caused paralysis. Dodge continued to suffer strokes over the ensuing four years, leaving Hawaii for a sanitarium outside St. Helena, California, in 1912. Dodge had been an active member of the community and supported the Honolulu library, the Social Science Club, the historical society, and other organizations. Dodge was married and had four children. More by this mapmaker...

William DeWitt Alexander (1833 - 1913) was a Hawaiian born historian, publisher, writer, surveyor, and teacher. Alexander was born in Honolulu in 1833 to missionary parents. He received a degree from Yale University in 1855. After completing his studies, Alexander remained in the continental United States, first, during the winter of 1855 - 56, taking a job at Beloit College in Wisconsin. Then he moved on to become the schoolmaster of the Vincennes Academy in Vincennes, Indiana, a school recently started by one of his uncles. He returned to Hawaii in 1858 after receiving an offer to teach at the Punahou School, where he taught Greek and history. He became president of the school (then known as O'ahu College) in November 1864. During this time Alexander published a number of books on Hawaiian history and ethnography. In 1869, during a summer vacation, Alexander undertook a survey and produced a map of the Haleakala Crater on Maui. Although he had spent the previous fourteen years in education, he came by his surveying skills honestly. His father, William Patterson Alexander, was a surveyor, and 'W. D.' (as Alexander was known during his childhood) would likely help his father when on vacation from attending the Punahou School. Alexander's map of Haleakala was likely the most scientific land survey of Hawaii produced up to that time. With this achievement, Alexander was appointed surveyor general of the Hawaiian Government Survey in the fall of 1870. This appointment handed Alexander the task of creating a surveying and mapping agency for the Hawaiian government. In this office Alexander did much of his most important work in mapping the Hawaiian Islands. He remained the Surveyor-General of the Hawaiian Government Survey until American annexation of the Hawaiian Islands in 1898, and even then, because the transition took place over a few years, he held the position until 1901. Eventually he attained the office of Surveyor-General of the Territory of Hawaii and a high position in the Privy Council of Kalakaua and Lili'uokalani. Alexander resigned as the head of the Hawaiian Territorial Survey in 1901 when he was put in charge of the Branch Office of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in the Hawaiian Islands. Alexander married Abigail Charlotte Baldwin in 1860 with whom he had three sons and two daughters. Learn More...

John M. Donn (1871 - August 9, 1931) was an American architect. Donn lived and worked in Washington, D.C., and designed several government buildings. Donn served as the chief draughtsman of the Hawaiian Territorial Survey and was also the Second Assistant. He created a map of Hawaii and a map of Oahu for the Hawaii Territory Survey. He also updated a map of Maui created by the Hawaiian Government Survey. Learn More...

Andrew B. Graham (1845 - September 9, 1909) was an American lithographer active in Washington, D.C. in late 19th and early 20th century. Graham was born in Washington D.C., the son of a lithographer and engraver. After college, he joined the U.S. Coast Survey, where he was a draftsman until 1889. He retired from the Coast Survey to take over management of his father's lithography firm. The firm, Andrew B. Graham Company, was one of several that thrived on lucrative government publication contracts. Graham died of 'brain fever' in his Washington D. C. residence on September 9 of 1909. Some of his work was republished posthumously until about 1917, and his firm was active until at least the early 1920s. Learn More...


Governor of Hawaii Board of Indian Commissioners, 'Report of the Governor of Hawaii', Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1906, (Washington: Government Printing Office) 1907.    


Very good. Wear and toning along original fold lines. Verso repairs to fold separations and at fold intersections. Closed margin tears professionally repaired on verso.


Rumsey 3705.000. OCLC 30335854.