A New Map of Part of the United States of North America, Containing the Carolinas and Georgia, also the Floridas and Part of the Bahama Islands etc.
18.25 x 20.25 in (46.355 x 51.435 cm)
1 : 3300000
Executed by John Cary in 1806, this is one of the most interesting and attractive maps of the American southeast to appear in the first years of the 19th century. The map extends from Kentucky and Virginia in the north to include all of modern day North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida. Georgia is shown extending westward as far as the Mississippi River, despite the Mississippi Territory having been created in 1798. Florida is divided at the Appalachicola River into eastern and western sections. West Florida, ostensibly part of the Louisiana Purchase, was claimed by the Spanish and remained under their control until 1812.
Native American Tribes of the Southeast. A key result of the Treaty of Paris at the conclusion of the American Revolution, the United States border was determined to extend to the Mississippi. As a consequence, the new country would turn its attention to the vast territory between the colonies' settlements along the coast and the Mississippi, which was occupied at the time by numerous Native American tribes. Accordingly, the map identifies the locations of numerous actual Native American nations including the Creeks, the Chickasaw Nation, the Cherokees and others, and offers notes on American Indian hunting grounds, springs, river navigation, roads, swamps, forts and the sites of important battles.
Publication History and CensusThe map was prepared in 1806 by John Cary for issue in his magnificent 1808 New Universal Atlas. OCLC shows ten examples in institutional collections of the separate map.
John Cary (1754 - 1835) was a London based cartographer active in the early part of the 19th century. Ronald Vere Tooley, the prominent English map historian, writes of Cary, "As an engraver he was elegant and exact with fine clear lettering and great delicacy of touch." Cary began his work as an engraver, cartographer, and globe maker in 1776 with his New and Correct English Atlas. This important atlas represented a new phase in cartography where accuracy and detail rose in prominence over the decorative embellishments of the 18th century. This change was indicative of the times when travel and commerce were expanding globally as never before. Cary's mastery of both engraving and cartography resulted in a series of seminal works that redefined mapmaking in the early 19th century. His stupendous Cary's New Universal Atlas, published in 1808, set the standard for all cartographers who followed. Cary reissued this seminal atlas in 1811, 1819, 1824, 1828, 1833, 1836 and 1844. Cary also did considerable work on the English Ordinance Survey prior to 1805. His cartographic work particularly inspired the Edinburgh school of cartography as represented by John Pinkerton and John Thomson. In America, Cary's work was used as the basis for Tanner's important New American Atlas. Cary's last published atlas appeared posthumously in 1844, however, by 1850 Cary's work was being carried on by his sons and other well-known cartographers including James Wyld, John Tallis & Company, and Crutchley.
Cary, John, Cary's New Universal Atlas, containing distinct maps of all the principal states and kingdoms throughout the World. From the latest and best authorities extant. London: Printed for J. Cary, Engraver and Map-seller, No. 181, near Norfolk Street, Strand, 1808.
Excellent condition; one marginal mend just touching upper border. Original outline color.
Rumsey, 1657.059. OCLC 24599370. Fitzgerald, J.H. Changing perceptions: mapping the shape of Florida 1502-1982, 118. Phillips, P. L., A List of Maps of America in the American Library of Congress, p. 876. Universty of Georgia, Hargrett Library, Map 1813 M4. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Cm912 1806c1.