1849 Greenleaf Map of Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama

New Grenada, Venezuela, and Ecuador. - Main View

1849 Greenleaf Map of Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama


Aftermath of Gran Colombia.


New Grenada, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
  1849 (undated)     10.75 x 12.75 in (27.305 x 32.385 cm)     1 : 9360000


An example of Jeremiah Greenleaf's 1849 map of New Grenada from his New Universal Atlas. It covers the northwestern portion of South America, taking in the present-day countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama, along with portions of Brazil and Guyana.
A Closer Look
This map reflects the aftermath of the dissolution of Gran Colombia, a union of the former territories of the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Grenada. Following independence, leaders of the revolution, including Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Paula Santander, disagreed over the nature of the union and the relative power of the central government versus the departamentos (equivalent to U.S. states). The union fell apart in the late 1820s and early 1830s, resulting in the independent republics of New Grenada (Colombia, with Panama), Venezuela, and Ecuador.

Nevertheless, remnants of the union can be seen here, as in the color-shaded provinces of the independent republics, which largely followed the lines of the departamentos of Gran Colombia. Settlements, waterways, elevation, roads (around Cartagena), and other features are also noted throughout in great detail.
Publication History and Census
This map was published by Jeremiah Greenleaf in the scarce 1849 (last) edition of his New Universal Atlas. It is based on David Burr's 1834 original, which was published in the latter's atlas of the same name, before being inherited and updated by Greenleaf, who published it in several editions in the 1840s.


Jeremiah Greenleaf (1791 - 1864) is a little known but highly admired American cartographer of the early 19th century. He published from roughly 1830 to 1850. His most important work is A New Universal Atlas; Comprising of all the Principal Empires, Kingdoms, and States Throughout the World and Forming a distinct Atlas of the United States, published in several editions in the 1840s. Many of his maps are reformatted versions of his contemporary David Burr's much admired cartographic works. Greenleaf's maps are extremely rare and admired for their stunningly vivid pastel color washes. More by this mapmaker...

David Hugh Burr (August 18, 1803 - December 25, 1875) of one of the first and most important truly American cartographers and map publishers. Burr was born in Bridgeport Connecticut in August of 1803. In 1822 Burr moved to Kingsboro, New York to study law. A year and a half later he was admitted to the New York Bar association. Burr must have questioned his choice of careers because shortly after being admitted to the Bar, he joined the New York State Militia. Though largely untrained in the art of surveying, Burr was assigned to work under Surveyor General of New York, Simeon De Witt, to survey several New York Roadways. Seeing a window of opportunity, Burr was able to negotiate with the governor of New York at the time, De Witt Clinton, to obtain copies of other New York survey work in order to compile a map and Atlas of the state of New York. Recognizing the need for quality survey work of its territory, the government of New York heartily endorsed and financed Burr's efforts. The resulting 1829 Atlas of the State of New York was the second atlas of an individual U.S. state and one of the most important state atlases ever produced. Burr went on to issue other maps both of New York and of the United States in general. In cooperation with publishing firm of Illman & Pillbrow, he produced an important New Universal Atlas and, with J.H. Colton, several very important maps of New York City. In recognition of this work, Burr was appointed both "Topographer to the Post office" and "Geographer to the House of Representatives of the United States". Later, in 1855, Burr was assigned to the newly created position of Surveyor General to the State of Utah. Burr retired from the position and from cartographic work in general in 1857 when light of some of his financial misdeeds and frauds came to light. He was accused of submitting false expense reports and underpaying employees, among other indiscretions. Learn More...


Greenleaf, J., New Universal Atlas, (Brattleboro, Vermont: Greenleaf) 1849.    


Very good. Light Foxing on bottom border.


Rumsey 15176.064.