Plan of New York & c.
1866 (dated 1860) 13 x 11 in (33.02 x 27.94 cm)
1 : 31300
This is a beautiful example of S. A. Mitchell Junior's 1864 map of New York City. The map depicts southern Manhattan, below 45th street, along with parts of Brooklyn, Williamsburg, Greenpoint, Hoboken, and Jersey City. Mitchell offers wonderful detail at the street level including references to parks, individual streets, piers, ferries, and important buildings. Color coded with red, green, and yellow pastels according to political divisions. The whole is surrounded by the attractive floral border common to Mitchell atlases between 1860 and 1866.
One of the more attractive atlas maps of New York to appear in the mid-19th century. Prepared by S. A. Mitchell Jr. for inclusion as plate 19 in the 1864 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Like many American map publishers of this period, Mitchell did not regularly update his copyright, consequently this map is dated and copyrighted to 1860: 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and Mitchell's General Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Charles Desilver who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell Jr., S. A., Mitchell's New General Atlas, Containing Maps Of The Various Countries Of The World, Plans Of Cities, Etc. Embraced In Forty-Seven Quarto Maps, Forming A Series Of Seventy-Six Maps And Plans, Together With Valuable Statistical Tables, 1864.
Good. Minor margin soiling. Some verso repairs.
Rumsey 0565.010. Phillips (Atlases) 831-16. New York Public Library, Map Division, Digital ID: 1510801. Haskell, D., Manhattan Maps: A Co-operative List, 1104 & 1105.