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1865 Johnson Map of New York City and Brooklyn

NewYorkCity4-johnson-1865
$300.00
Johnson's Map of New York and the Adjacent Cities. - Main View
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1865 Johnson Map of New York City and Brooklyn

NewYorkCity4-johnson-1865

A Richly Detailed, Elegant Plan of a Booming New York City

SOLD

Title


Johnson's Map of New York and the Adjacent Cities.
  1865 (undated)     16 x 26 in (40.64 x 66.04 cm)     1 : 20000

Description


This is Johnson and Ward's 1865 map of New York City. This lithograph map covers the island of Manhattan and the borough of Brooklyn as well as parts of Jersey City and Hoboken. The map reaches as far north as Eighty eighth street in Manhattan; an inset in the lower right shows the remainder of the island 'on a reduced scale.' The city's wards are numbered, and distinguished from each other with hand color. The map shows the city's grid in detail, including areas of planned landfill in both Manhattan and Brooklyn. The Hudson and the East River are spanned by ferries, which are marked and named. With the exception of the newly built Long Island Railroad (its Hunter's Point terminus is visible) no railways yet appear in New York. A burgeoning terminal can be seen in Jersey City, however.
New York's Parks Multiply
The map highlights many of the city's green spaces, which were a sharply-needed antidote to the city's boom in population density that began with the opening of the Erie Canal. City Hall Park, Tompkins Square, Washington Square, Union Square, Stuyvesant, Manhattan and Madison Square are all shown. Hamilton Square, long a neighborhood in the vicinity of Park Avenue and 66th Street, is shown. By the time this map was produced, however, the plot had been subdivided and sold in the wake of the recent creation of Central Park. The map also includes Bloomingdale Square, from 53rd to 57th Streets between Eighth and Ninth Avenues. Though this was included in the 1811 Commissioners' plan and appeared on many maps, it was actually never executed and was struck from the plan in 1857, also in deference to the newly-created Central Park only two blocks north of it. Central Park itself is shown in great detail in its earlier incarnation, with the receiving Reservoir in the place of today’s Great Lawn. In Brooklyn, Washington Park (Now Fort Greene Park) can be seen. Prospect Park was not yet proposed, and in any case would eventually appear outside the bounds of the present map.
Municipal and Government Buildings
Throughout the map can be seen hospitals, fortifications and batteries; the Brooklyn Navy Yard is shown in detail. New York's long standing effort to keep its unfortunates at arm's length is evident in the details of Blackwell's Island. Later known as Welfare Island (and now known as Roosevelt Island,) it is shown to be home to a hospital, a penitentiary, men's and women's alms houses, and a work house. A large lunatic asylum neighbors both the 'New mad house' and the 'old mad house.'
Publication History and Census
This map appeared in the 1865 Johnson and Ward edition of Johnson’s Family Atlas. This was the last edition of this map to bear the Johnson and Ward imprint.

Cartographer


Alvin Jewett Johnson (September 23, 1827 - April 22, 1884) was a prolific American map publisher active from 1856 to the mid-1880s. Johnson was born into a poor family in Wallingford, Vermont where he received only a based public education. He is known to have worked as school teacher for several years before moving to Richmond, Virginia. Johnson got his first taste of the map business and a salesman and book canvasser for J. H. Colton and company. The earliest Johnson maps were published with D. Griffing Johnson (no clear relation) and date to the mid-1850s, however it was not until 1860 that the Johnson firm published its first significant work, the Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas. The publication of the Family Atlas followed a somewhat mysterious 1859 deal with the well-established but financially strapped J. H. Colton cartographic publishing firm. Although map historian Water Ristow speculates that Colton sold his copyrights to Johnson and his business partner, another Vermonter named Ross C. Browning (1822 - 1899), a more likely theory is that Johnson and Browning financially supported the Colton firm in exchange for the right to use Colton's existing copyrighted map plates. Regardless of which scenario actually occurred it is indisputable that the first Johnson atlas maps were mostly reissues of earlier Colton maps. Early on Johnson described his firm as the 'Successors to J. H. Colton and Company'. Johnson's business strategy involved transferring the original Colton steel plate engravings to cheaper lithographic stones, allowing his firm to produce more maps at a lower price point. In 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War the Johnson and Browning split their firm between two offices. Johnson moved from Richmond, Virginia to New York City. Browning remained in Richmond, where he published at least one more edition of the atlas after the war began, in 1862. Johnson and Browning published two editions of the Johnson Atlas: 1860 (Richmond and New York) and 1861 (Richmond and New York). Sometime in 1861 Browning's portion of the firm (or perhaps the New York portion?) was purchased by Benjamin P. Ward, whose name subsequently replaced Browning's on the imprint. The 1863 issue of the Family Atlas was one of the most unusual, it being a compilation of older 'Johnson and Browning' maps, and updated 1862 'Johnson and Ward' maps, and newer 1863 maps with a revised border design. The 1864 issue of the Family Atlas is the first fully 'Johnson and Ward' atlas. Johnson published one more edition of the atlas in partnership with Ward in 1865, after which Johnson seems to have bought out Ward's share the firm. The next issue of the atlas, 1866, is the first purely 'Johnson' atlas with all new map plates, updated imprints, and copyrights. The Family Atlas went through roughly 27 years of publication, from 1860 to 1887, outliving Johnson himself who died in 1884. Johnson maps from the Family Atlas are notable for their unique borders, of which there are four different designs, the 'strapwork border' from 1860 to 1863, the 'fretwork border' from 1863 to 1869 and the 'spirograph border' in 1870 – 1882, and a more elaborate version of the same from 1880 - 1887. In addition to the Family Atlas Johnson issued numerous wall maps, pocket maps, and in the 1880s the Cyclopedia. Johnson maps are known for their size, accuracy, detail, and stunning, vivid hand coloring. Johnson maps, purely American in their style and execution, chronicle some of the most important and periods in American history including the Civil War, the Westward Expansion, and the Indian Wars. Today Johnson's maps, especially those of the American west, are highly sought after by map collectors and historians. Learn More...

Source


Johnson, A. J., Johnson's New Illustrated Family Atlas, (1865 Johnson and Ward edition).    

Condition


Very good.  Centerfold mend and minor toning.

References


Rumsey 0352.022 (1864 edition).  Philips (Atlases) 843.  Haskell, D., Manhattan Maps: A Co-operative List, 1119.