Pas-kaart vande zee kusten van Niew Nederland anders genaamt Niew York tusschen Renselaars Hock en de Staaten Hoek.
1702 (undated) 20 x 22.75 in (50.8 x 57.785 cm)
1 : 950000
An important discovery, this is Johannes van Keulen and Claes Janszoon Vooght's 1702 map of New York, Long Island, the Hudson River, and the Connecticut River. First appearing in 1684, this is the second earliest published map to detail the coast between Long Island and Cape Cod. It also features the earliest published maps of any American River. Furthermore, many of the place names throughout make their first appearance here. As such, it may be considered the high point of Dutch knowledge about New Amsterdam before the British takeover.
This is essentially three maps on a single sheet. The main map, occupying the lower two-thirds of the document, illustrates the coast of New Netherland from, roughly, Sandy Hook and Staten Island eastward, along the Long Island Sound and Connecticut coast, to Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. This is, as noted, the second earliest specific map of this region, being superseded only by Arent Roggeveen's Pascaerte van Nieu Nederland. While some aspects of the map are clearly drawn from Roggeveen, such as the dramatically foreshortened form of Long Island, other aspects, such as the sophisticated toponymy exhibited throughout reference unknown sources. As one of Amsterdam's premier cartographers, van Keulen doubtless had access to manuscript maps controlled by the Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie (Dutch West Indian Company / GWIC), and we can assume that much of the new toponymy is drawn from such sources. Among the place names identified on Long Island are Breukelen (Brooklyn), Heemstede (Hempstead), Amersfoord, Oyster Bay, Zuyd Hampton (Southampton), and Oost Hampton (East Hampton); and along the Connecticut coast are Grenwits (Greenwich), Stamford, Strafford, Milford, and Gilford, among other towns. Many of these do not appear on the Roggeveen or any other earlier chart.
Despite its important and highly influential mapping of New York and Long Island, this map's true claim to fame are the upper insets which represent the earliest representation of an American River (in this case 2 rivers) on a printed map. The main inset, which covers the entire upper quarter of the map details the course of the Hudson River from, roughly, New York Harbor to Albany. This inset is oriented to the west and offers a larger scale presentation of Manhattan and western Long Island. Here, unlike on the larger map below, New Amsterdam is specifically named. It is noteworthy that, although New York appears in the map's title, the term has not found its way onto the map itself. Perhaps van Keulen had hopes the Dutch would reclaim their colony. A number of settlements along the Hudson, including Albany, are identified.
Within the larger inset of the Hudson River, a smaller map illustrates the course of the Connecticut River (Versche or Fresh River). Unlike the Hudson River, which was well known to the Dutch, the Connecticut River, despite being initially explored by Adriaen Block in 1614, was almost entirely dominated by the English. Nonetheless, Van Keulen successfully maps at leat four known settlements, Veldt (Weathersfield), Hereford (Hartford), Zee Brock (Sea Brook), and Winser.
There are four known states of this map, the present example represents state 4, issued in 1702. It is identifiable as such by the addition of drapery around the title cartouche and the number '20' in the lower left corner. All states are cartographically identical and extremely scarce on the market.
Johannis Van Keulen (1654 – 1715) was a Dutch cartographer active in Amsterdam during the late 17th century. Keulen was the son of Lucas van Keulen. Keulen's firm, ‘In de Gekroonde Lootsman' (In the Crowned Pilot), was founded in 1678 and registered with the Amsterdam Bookseller's guild as 'Cross staff-maker and bookseller'. The cross-staff is a nautical instrument used to determine latitude. Two years later, in 1680, they obtained a patent from the States General of Holland and West Friesland to publish nautical charts and atlases. Together with his partner, the cartographer Claes Janz Vooght, Van Keulen published numerous atlases and nautical charts, including the Zee Atlas and Nieuwe Lichtende Zee-Fakkel. This later work, the Zee-Fakkel, often called the 'Secret Atlas' as it was restricted to pilots associated with the Dutch East India Company or VOC. The term, Zee-Fakkel translates to 'Sea Torch.' It was a massive five volume atlas containing more than 130 nautical charts. The Zee-Fakkel established the Van Keulen firm as the pre-eminent maker of Dutch sea charts in the late 17th and early 18th century. In 1714, one year before Johannis Van Keulen death, his son, Gerard van Keulen (1678 - 1726), took charge. Gerard continued to update and republish the Zee-Fakkel until his own death in 1726. The firm was later passed on to Gerard's son, Johannes II Van Keulen (1704 - 1755), who significantly updated the atlas, especially with regard to Asia. The final editions of the atlas were published by Gerard Hulst van Keulen (1733 - 1801), Joannes II's son. The final true Van Keulen edition of the Zee-Fakkel was published posthumously in 1803. It is noteworthy that though ostensibly controlled by the Van Keulen men, it was the Van Keulen widows who maintained and managed the firm in the periods following their husbands' deaths. After the death of Gerard Hulst Van Keulen's son, Johannes Hulst Van Keulen, ownership of the family plates and business fell into the hands of the Swart family who continued to publish until the company closed its doors 1885, ending cartographic legacy spanning nearly 207 years.
Claes Janszoon Vooght (c. 16?? – 1696) was a Dutch surveyor, mathematician, teacher, and geographer active in Amsterdam during the second half of the 17th century. Most of his work is associated with the nautical charts of Johannes van Keulen, particularly the Zee-Fakkel, for which he composed most of the text and many of the charts. In addition to his work with the Keulen firm, he was a well respected teacher of navigation.
Van Keulen, J., De Nieuwe Groote Lichtende Zee-Fakkel, Part IV (Amsterdam) 1702.
Very good condition. Strong impression suggests an early strike off the plate. Original centerfold. Blank on verso. There is a slight scuff at the at the center of the map along the Hudson River.
Burden, P., The Mapping of America: A List of Printed Maps, 1151-1670, 587, State 4. McCorkle, B. B, New England in Early Printed Maps 1513 - 1800, 684.3. Stokes, I. N. P., The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1498-1909, vol. II pp. 158-159 (ill. plate 57). OCLC 48861403, 166645448, 881445491