A New and Accurate Map of the Northern Parts of Italy. A Draught of the Road of Leghorn.
1747 (undated) 13.5 x 9.5 in (34.29 x 24.13 cm)
1 : 2750000
This is a beautiful map of northern Italy, issued in 1747 by the British cartographer Emanuel Bowen. Essentially two maps on a single sheet, the upper map covers northern Italy from Lake Geneva in Switzerland to the Island of Elba. It includes Savoy, Piemont, Milan, Parma, Mantua, Modena, Tuscany and the republics of Venice, Genoa and Lucca. Several important towns, cities, roads, rivers, and other topographic features are noted, with mountains rendered in profile.
The lower map features a nautical chart of Leghorn or Livorno. Oriented to the west, this chart notes coastal cities and towns in detail showing streets and buildings in profile. Rhumb lines and soundings are present throughout. A note reads, 'This draught is copy'd after that drawn by the Order of the C: de Maurepas.'
This map was prepares by Emanuel Bowen as plate no. 23 for the 1747 issue of A Complete System of Geography.
Emanuel Bowen (1694 - May 8, 1767) had the high distinction to be named Royal Mapmaker to both to King George II of England and Louis XV of France. Bowen was born in Talley, Carmarthen, Wales, to a distinguished but not noble family. He apprenticed to Charles Price, Merchant Taylor, from 1709. He was admitted to the Merchant Taylors Livery Company on October 3, 1716, but had been active in London from about 1714. A early as 1726 he was noted as one of the leading London engravers. Bowen is highly regarded for producing some of the largest, most detailed, most accurate and most attractive maps of his era. He is known to have worked with most British cartographic figures of the period including Herman Moll and John Owen. Among his multiple apprentices, the most notable were Thomas Kitchin, Thomas Jeffreys, and John Lodge. Another apprentice, John Oakman (1748 - 1793) who had an affair with and eventually married, Bowen's daughter. Other Bowen apprentices include Thomas Buss, John Pryer, Samuel Lyne, his son Thomas Bowen, and William Fowler. Despite achieving peer respect, renown, and royal patronage, Bowen, like many cartographers, died in poverty. Upon Emanuel Bowen's death, his cartographic work was taken over by his son, Thomas Bowen (1733 - 1790) who also died in poverty.
Bowen, E., A complete system of geography. Being a description of all the countries, islands, cities, chief towns, harbours, lakes, and rivers, mountains, mines, etc., of the known world …, (London) 1747.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor damp stain in top margin, not extending onto printed area. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 3733.022. Philips (atlases) 614 (1752 edition).