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1854 Disturnell Map of the North American Arctic and Search for John Franklin

NorthWestPassage-disturnell-1854
$350.00
Chart Showing the Recent Search for a North-West Passage. Also the Coast Explored in Search of Sir John Franklin, Between the Years 1848 and 1854. - Main View
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1854 Disturnell Map of the North American Arctic and Search for John Franklin

NorthWestPassage-disturnell-1854

Traces many of the expeditions mounted in search of the arctic explorer Captain Sir John Franklin and his crew.

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Title


Chart Showing the Recent Search for a North-West Passage. Also the Coast Explored in Search of Sir John Franklin, Between the Years 1848 and 1854.
  1854 (dated)     10.75 x 15.25 in (27.305 x 38.735 cm)     1 : 8600000

Description


This is an 1854 John Disturnell map of northern North America tracing the explorations in the North American Arctic in search of Sir John Franklin, an Arctic explorer that went missing in 1847. The map depicts the region from Alaska (Russian America) to Greenland and from Ellesmere Island to Hudson Bay. Incredibly detailed, myriad locations throughout the region are identified. The courses of several different expeditions are traced, including the H.M.S. Investigator and the H.M.S. Phoenix, along with the expeditions led by Lieutenant De Haven and Captains McClure and Collinson. The location where the Resolute and the Intrepid were abandoned in May 1854 is also noted. An inset map in the upper left corner illustrates the routes taken by Lieutenant De Haven in 1850 and Captain Penny and his crew in 1851 in and north of Wellington Channel. Several vignettes also populate the map, including a polar bear, ice hummocks, and the three graves discovered at Beechey Island.
John Franklin's lost expedition and the search to find it
Captain Sir John Franklin and his expedition of two ships, the H.M.S. Erebus and the H.M.S. Terror left England on May 19, 1845 with the goal of traversing the last unnavigated section of the Northwest Passage. The expedition was last seen waiting to enter Baffin Bay in late July 1845. After two years of receiving no news about her husband, Lady Franklin, Franklin's wife who was politically connected, began urging the Admiralty to send out search expeditions. In all, thirty-two ships were sent from England to search for Franklin and his men, and it would not be until 1854 that any hint of their fate would be discovered. By 1859, it was known that the ships had become trapped in the ice and had spent at least a year and a half in that state, before the crews abandoned them and began searching for a way out of the arctic. It was until 2016 that the final piece of the puzzle, the wreck of the Terror, was located.

This map was created and published by John Disturnell in 1854.

Cartographer


John Disturnell (1801-1877) was a New York book and map publisher operating gin the early to middle 19th century. Disturnell worked with various engravers and cartographers over the years including Calvin Smith, J. H. Young, and G. E. Sherman as well as the Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning group. His primary focus seems to have been New York and vicinity, however, his most significant contribution to U.S. history came from the opposite side of the continent. When Nicholas P. Trist was sent to Mexico to negotiate the 1847 Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo which defined the Mexican-American border at the end of the Mexican-American War, he carried with him Disturnell's Map of America. This map, among other inaccuracies, located El Paso a whopping 34 miles north and 100 miles east of its true location. Since Trist based the border treaty on mileages from El Paso, the obvious subsequent confusion lead to the conflicts that were to follow. The border problems between the United States and Mexico that resulted from this error were not resolved until 1963. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Verso repairs to centerfold separations. Closed margin tears professionally repaired on verso. Blank on verso.