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1804 Pichon and Esnault City Plan or Map of Paris, France

NouveauPlanParis-pichonesnaut-1804
$4,310.76
Nouveau Plan Routier de la Ville et Faubourgs de Paris Avec ses Principaux Edifices et Nouvelles Barrieres. - Main View
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1804 Pichon and Esnault City Plan or Map of Paris, France

NouveauPlanParis-pichonesnaut-1804

On the cusp of Imperial glory.

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Title


Nouveau Plan Routier de la Ville et Faubourgs de Paris Avec ses Principaux Edifices et Nouvelles Barrieres.
  1804 (dated)     40.25 x 58.25 in (102.235 x 147.955 cm)     1 : 7100

Description


This is a striking 1804 Pichon and Esnault city plan or map of Paris, France, published during the last (13th) year of the French First Republic. This map marks a critical moment in Parisian history, when under Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 - 1821), the city transformed from a national into an imperial capital. Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of France on December 2, 1804, and immediately embarked upon a series of ambitious civic and urban developments intended to transform Paris into an imperial capital on the model of ancient Rome.
A Closer Look at the Map
Important buildings and landmarks throughout are identified, including the Louvre, the Tuileries Gardens, Notre Dame, Les Invalides, and the Jardin des Plantes. Outline color differentiates arrondissements, while numbers identify forty-eight 'sections'. An alphabetic street index appears to the left and right of the map proper. The map is further surrounded by twenty-eight vignette views including illustrations of Notre Dame, Les Invalides, the Sorbonne, the Louvre, and the Chateau de Versailles, and other Parisian landmarks.
The French Republican Calendar
During the French Revolution, the French government created and used the French Republican calendar (also known as the French Revolutionary calendar) from late 1793 until 1805, when Napoleon crowned himself emperor, a period of about twelve years. It was also used in 1871 for eighteen days by the Paris Commune. The calendar removed all religious and royalist influences.
Publication History and Census
This map was created by Pichon, 'corrected and augmented in Year 13' by Esnault, engraved by C. B. Glot and √Čtienne Claude Voysard, and published by Esnault in 1804. We are aware of only one other surviving example of the 1804 edition of this map, held in private hands. We have located earlier editions, dating from 'Year 9' (1801), 1792, and 1784.

CartographerS


Esnauts and Rapilly (fl. c. 1775 - 1811) were Paris based print sellers and publishers active in the later part of the 18th century. The firm was founded by Jacques Esnauts and Michel Rapilly. Esnauts and Rapilly are best known not for their cartographic works, but rather for their fashion prints. The important publication La Galerie des Modes highlighted the fashions of the French aristocracy just prior to the French Revolution and is considered to be the first published "fashion magazine". At this time, Paris was the center of the fashion world and Esnauts and Rapilly's plates were widely distributed to eager fashionistas the world over. The firm also published a number of important and influential maps including several depicting pivotal moments in the American Revolutionary War. Not wanting to miss out on potential customers, Esnauts and Rapilly gave exact directions to their bookshop on many of their publications: "at the Baker's shop, opposite the Cutler." Learn More...


√Čtienne-Claude Voysard (1746 - c. 1812) was a French engraver. Born in Paris, Voysard studied under Bernard Baron and was the engraver for the comte d'Artois (who became King of France and Navarre in September 1824 and ruled until August 1830 as Charles X). He engraved numerous works over the course of his career. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Dissected and mounted on linen in forty-five (45) panels.