Carte de la Nouvelle Angleterre Nouvelle Yorck et Pensilvanie.
1757 (dated) 8.75 x 12.5 in (22.225 x 31.75 cm)
1 : 3548160
This is a Jacques-Nicolas Bellin map of New England. The map depicts the region from Lake Erie to the Atlantic Ocean and from Lake Champlain to the extreme northern portion of the Chesapeake Bay, including some or all of the states of New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. Numerous cities and towns are labeled throughout, including New York, Boston, Cambridge, Philadelphia, New Haven, and Salem. American Indian tribes and settlements are also identified, including the Five Iroquois Nations, while others are referred to simply as villages sauvages. Several rivers, lakes, and mountain ranges are also illustrated.
Bellin's Map and the French and Indian WarIssued during the French and Indian War, some curious French villages are identified to the west of the Susquehanna River. The presence of these villages highlights the French intention of occupying western Pennsylvania, one of the catalysts that led to the outbreak of the French and Indian War.
This map was drawn by Jacques Nicolas Bellin and published in Abbé Prévost's L'Histoire Generale des Voyages.
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703 - March 21, 1772) was one of the most important cartographers of the 18th century. With a career spanning some 50 years, Bellin is best understood as geographe de cabinet and transitional mapmaker spanning the gap between 18th and early-19th century cartographic styles. His long career as Hydrographer and Ingénieur Hydrographe at the French Dépôt des cartes et plans de la Marine resulted in hundreds of high quality nautical charts of practically everywhere in the world. A true child of the Enlightenment Era, Bellin's work focuses on function and accuracy tending in the process to be less decorative than the earlier 17th and 18th century cartographic work. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Bellin was always careful to cite his references and his scholarly corpus consists of over 1400 articles on geography prepared for Diderot's Encyclopedie. Bellin, despite his extraordinary success, may not have enjoyed his work, which is described as "long, unpleasant, and hard." In addition to numerous maps and charts published during his lifetime, many of Bellin's maps were updated (or not) and published posthumously. He was succeeded as Ingénieur Hydrographe by his student, also a prolific and influential cartographer, Rigobert Bonne.
Prevost, A., L'Histoire Generale des Voyages, Vol XIV, plate 9, (Paris) 1757.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Original platemark visible.
Library of Congress, Map Division, G3720 1757 .B4.