1771 Bonne Map of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), Sudan and the Red Sea

NubieAbissinie-bonne-1771
$400.00
Nubie et Abissinie Projettee en assujettie aux observations Astronomiques.
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1771 Bonne Map of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), Sudan and the Red Sea

NubieAbissinie-bonne-1771

Early map of Nubia and Abyssinia depicting the source of the Blue Nile.
$400.00

Title


Nubie et Abissinie Projettee en assujettie aux observations Astronomiques.
  1771 (dated)    12 x 17 in (30.48 x 43.18 cm)     1 : 7000000

Description


A beautiful example of Rigobert Bonne's 1771 map of Nubia and Abyssinia. Covers from Aswan, Egypt south along the Nile river to include all of modern day Sudan, Ethiopia, Eretria, Djibouti and Somalia. Also includes parts of neighboring Arabia across the Red Sea. This is a fairly advanced map revealing the cartographic sophistication of the Abyssinian Empire. Shows the Blue Nile flowing correctly into Lake Dambea (Lake Tana) from the south. Notes numerous important cataracts on the Blue Nile. The White Nile, who's course is more mysterious, acts as a kind of western border for this map, with only vague notations regarding the African empires lying on its western shores. Names numerous Nubian and Ethiopian cities and monasteries as well as the location of Mecca across the Red Sea. A fine map of the region. Drawn by R. Bonne in 1771 for issue as plate no. A 29 in Jean Lattre's Atlas Moderne.

CartographerS


Rigobert Bonne (October 6, 1727 - September 2, 1794) was one of the most important French cartographers of the late 18th century. Bonne was born in Ardennes à Raucourt, France. He taught himself mathematics and by eighteen was a working engineer. During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 - 1748) he served as a military engineer at Berg-op-Zoom. It the subsequent years Bonne became one of the most respected masters of mathematics, physics, and geography in Paris. In 1773, Bonne succeeded Jacques-Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period - most on an equal-area projection known erroneously as the 'Bonne Projection.' Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more scientific and practical aesthetic. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal. Bonne died of edema in 1794, but his son Charles-Marie Rigobert Bonne continued to publish his work well after his death.


Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.

Source


Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c.1778.    

Condition


Very good. Some toning and wear along original centerfold. Minor foxing. Original platemark visible.

References


Rumsey 2612.063. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.