This is a beautiful example of the 1770 Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales' map of the Persian Gulf. The map covers from Basra to the Strait of Hormuz, and includes parts of modern day Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Dubai, and Oman. De Sales map primarily follows the cartography laid down by D'Anville in 1758 with a few notable updates, especially along the Arabian coasts. The Qatar Peninsula is entirely absent, but the island of Bahrain is noted, though misaligned. The Saudi city of Qatif (el Katif) is however clearly identified. The great pearl banks, for which this region was famous prior to the oil boom, are identified via shading. De Sales incorporates several advancements over the D'Anville model including the addition five cities along the Arabian coasts: Adajar, Huale, Iusofie, and Faraha. The Persian side of the map also exhibits a number of updates and a far more sophisticated inland cartography. Nevertheless, it remains remarkable just how primitive European knowledge of the Persian Gulf remained even in the late 18th century. This map was issued as part of Delisle de Sales' Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne. This volume is exceedingly rare as most of Sales' work was burnt under the censorship of heresy.
Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales or Jean-Baptiste Isoard de Lisle (1741–1816) was a French philosopher, historian, and accused heretic active in the late 18th century. Sales is best known for his publication of the multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature. The work, among other ideas, challenged the Biblical theory that the earth was created in 4004 BC. Instead, Sales put forth the theory based upon astronomical observations, that the earth was 140,000 years old. Sales' revolutionary ideas caused him to be declared a heretic by the Catholic Church. His publications were subsequently censored and, for the most part, destroyed. As a consequence all of his works are today extremely rare. Sales was also, notably, a close friend of Voltaire who in 1777 visited him in prison, gifting him 500 pounds towards his release. Delisle de Sales is unrelated to the more famous De L'Isle family of cartographers.
Delisle de Sales, Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne (Paris) 1770.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor wear along original folds. Blank on verso.