1944 Shishodo Japanese Map of the Philippines

Philippines-seishodo-1944-2
$350.00
Philippine Islands. / フィリッピン群島 - Main View
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1944 Shishodo Japanese Map of the Philippines

Philippines-seishodo-1944-2

Campaign to retake the Philippines.
$350.00

Title


Philippine Islands. / フィリッピン群島
  1944 (dated)     21 x 14.5 in (53.34 x 36.83 cm)     1 : 3500000

Description


An uncommon Showa 19 or 1944 Japanese World War II map of the Philippines. This map was issued in Japan during WWII at the outset of the Philippine Campaign (October 20, 1944 - September 2, 1945), the Allied invasion that retook the Philippines. There is an inset of Manila in the upper right corner.
The Japanese Strategy in it the Philippines
The capture and control of the Philippines was vital to the success of Japanese plan to dominate the Pacific. Not only was the archipelago rich in natural resources, including rubber, oil, mineral resources, and wood, it was also centrally located and well positioned for expansion into the East Indies. Moreover, wresting control of the Philippines from the United States would have effectively undermined the American ability to wage war in the region. The Japanese invasion of the Philippines commenced on December 8, 1941, one day after the December 7th, 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor. While Japanese forces advanced quickly through the archipelago, like the Spanish before them, they discovered that the hundreds of islands and limited infrastructure made the Philippines almost impossible to fully control. Nonetheless, the Japanese maintained a tenuous control of most of the Philippine Islands until 1944, when the U.S. led Allied Forces began an aggressive and bloody campaign to retake the islands. Allied forces successfully drove the Japanese out of the Philippines in 1945.
The Philippine Campaign
Launched on October 20 of 1944, the Philippine Campaign was a World War II joint American and Filipino military operation intended to liberate the Philippine Islands from occupying Imperial Japanese forces. The Japanese Army overran most of the Philippines during the first half of 1942, retaining it for the subsequent 2 years. American General Douglas MacArthur began the campaign by announcing on Philippine radio 'This is the Voice of Freedom, General MacArthur speaking. People of the Philippines: I have returned.' The campaign progressed rapidly, driving the Japanese out of one island after another. Although by this time the Japanese were clearly losing the war, they gave no sign of capitulation and refused to surrender. During the course of the campaign Japan suffered nearly half a million casualties compared to only about 50,000 Americans. The campaign continued until Japanese forces in the Philippines surrendered on August 15, 1945, after the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Publication History and Census
This map was printed in Tokyo on March 14, 1944 (Showa 19). It was released on March 19 by the Japan Publishing Distribution Company (日本出版配給株式會社). The map is part of the Great East Asia Map Series (大東亞地圖大系). The cartography is by Hakata Seishodo. While the map superficially resembles maps form the 1943 Co-Prosperity map series, it is completely different map, with different geography, topography, publisher, and other elements.

Cartographer


Japan Publishing Distribution Co., Ltd. (日本出版配給株式會社; May 5, 1941 - March 28, 1949), was a nationalized joint-stock publishing company active during the World War II period in Japan. Established on May 5, 1941 (Showa 16). The government supported firm consolidated more than 200 independent publishers as a national propaganda network. The published under the guidance of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the Japan Publication Cultural Association. After the War, from 1946 (Showa 21), the company was returned to private management and renamed Nihon Shuppan Distribution Control Co., Ltd. The constituent firms dispersed shortly afterwards and by 1949 the Japan Publishing Distribution Co., Ltd. Some of the breakaway firms still publish. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Wear on old fold lines. Original slipcase.