Popular Vote. Ratio of Predominant to Total Vote, by Counties.
1888 (dated) 17.5 x 25 in (44.45 x 63.5 cm)
1 : 8557000
This is a Fletcher W. Hewes and Charles Scribner's Sons political map of the United States. The map depicts the continental United States from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Canadian border to the border with Mexico. Illustrating the results of the presidential election of 1884 between New York Governor Grover Cleveland and former United States Senator James G. Blaine of Maine by county, each state is divided into counties, which are numbered. The counties are then colored with different shades of red (for Democratic majorities) and blue (for Republican majorities). The counties shaded white, did not report a vote. Several of the Western States were still territories during the 1994 election, which meant they were not a part of the electoral college, and unable to cast votes for President. Oklahoma at this point in history, was the Indian Territory, so the Native Americans living there were not allowed to cast votes in the election of 1884, as they were not considered citizens. The Indian Citizenship Act was not passed by Congress until 1924. In the counties that reported vote totals, the darker the shade of red or blue, the greater the majority. The lightest shades represent majorities under 50% of the total vote, whereas the darkest shades represent majorities totaling over 90% of the total vote. In a very close race, Grover Cleveland received the majority of the popular vote and enough electoral votes to win the presidency. Cleveland won his home state of New York by just over 1,000 votes; if he had lost New York, he would not have won the Presidency. It is important to note here that the Democratic and Republican Parties did not hold the same viewpoints and philosophies that they do today. These two parties have changed over time. A key explaining the shading on the map is situated along the right border, with a note stating that the purple color in Utah represents the Mormon vote.
Below the central map, a smaller inset map of the United States displays the popular vote by state. Each state is shaded in the same way that the counties are shaded on the larger, central map. A graph to the left of the inset map, illustrates the Electoral Vote, and Cleveland's victory. More tables, located in the lower left corner of the map, further break down the election results, analyzing the popular vote and the ratio of the predominant to total vote by state, among other statistics.
This map was produced by Fletcher W. Hewes and included in the Citizen's Atlas of American Politics 1789-1892 and copyrighted by Charles Scribner's Sons in 1888.
Hewes, F. W., Citizen's Atlas of American Politics. 1789-1892., (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons) 1892.
Very good. Toning along original centerfold. Verso repair to centerfold separation. Blank on verso.