Massachusetts Provincetown Sheet.
1890 (dated 1887) 20 x 15 in (50.8 x 38.1 cm)
1 : 62500
One of the most sought after topographical maps produced by the U.S. Geological Survey. The 1890 edition of the U.S.G.S. Survey Map of Provincetown covers the northern tip of Cape Cod and extends from Gull Pamet River and Smalls Hill north along the cape as far as Provincetown Harbor and Race Point. Offers typical superb detail throughout noting topographical features, rail lines, light houses, marsh lands, and numerous individual buildings. Shows Provincetown itself with detail to the level of individual buildings.
Identifies topographical features such as Smalls Hill, Moon Pond Meadow, Town Hill, the Great Pond, Shank Painter Pond, Clapps Round pond, and others. Also notes the various roads traversing the region and the railroad. Identifies the Highland Lighthouse, the Race Point Lighthouse, the Wood End Light House, and the Long Point Light House. Also notes the Peaked Hill Bar, High Head, Highland, Pamet River, Race Point and Wood End 'Life Saving Stations.' Prepared by Henry Gannett and Marcus Baker in 1889. This chart was drawn from survey work completed by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1887.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey) (1807 - present), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Very good. Minor foxing.