West Indies [Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands].
34 x 51 in (86.36 x 129.54 cm)
1 : 294000
A rare 1888 Charles Wilson nautical chart or maritime map of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. This is the largest and finest map specific map of Puerto Rico we have yet encountered.
A Closer LookThe chart covers the island in detail, offering both nautical and inland content, including topography, rivers, and political divisions. The focus is the waters around the Virgin Islands between Puerto Rico and Anegada, where treacherous reefs abound. The map offers detailed hundreds of soundings in fathoms as well as shading to indicate dangerous howls and banks. There are 10 inset map detailed harbor plans, including San Juan, Mayagüez, Guánica, Mona Island, Sombrero Island, Road Harbour, Gorda Sound, the southeast end of Culebra, Ponce, Christiansted, and Saint Thomas.
Blueback ChartsBlueback nautical charts began appearing in London in the late 18th century. Bluebacks, as they came to be called, were privately published large format nautical charts known for their distinctive blue paper backing. The backing, a commonly available blue manila paper traditionally used by publishers to wrap unbound pamphlets, was adopted as a practical way to reinforce the low-quality paper used by private chart publishers in an effort to cut costs. That being said, not all blueback charts are literally backed with blue paper. The earliest known blueback charts include a 1760 chart issued by Mount and Page, and a 1787 chart issued by Robert Sayer. The tradition took off in the early 19th century, when British publishers like John Hamilton Moore, Robert Blachford, James Imray, William Heather, John William Norie, Charles Wilson, David Steel, R. H. Laurie, and John Hobbs, among others, rose to dominate the chart trade. Bluebacks became so popular that the convention was embraced by chartmakers outside of England, including Americans Edmund March Blunt and George Eldridge, as well as Scandinavian, French, German, Russian, and Spanish chartmakers. Blueback charts remained popular until the late 19th century, when government subsidized organizations like the British Admiralty Hydrographic Office and the United States Coast Survey, began issuing their own superior charts on high quality paper that did not require reinforcement.
Publication History and CensusThis map was first issued in the 1870s. It bears a striking resemblance to a similar chart issued by Imray. This map is rare and we are aware of no other examples.
Charles Wilson (1807 - May 16, 1882) was a British-Indian publisher of nautical charts and maps based in London, England. Born in Lucknow, India, Wilson was the son Lieutenant-Colonel William Wilson and his wife Hoosainee Begum, an Indian princess, who was the daughter of the Nizam of Ashrafabad. Wilson was educated in England and worked in the wine trade before joining the Norie firm in 1838. Norie had already partnered with another Wilson, George, who was a nephew to Charles. When Norie retired in 1840, Charles Wilson took over the firm publishing as 'Charles Wilson (Late J.W. Noire and Wilson)'. He married Jane Arabella Bingle on July 1, 1846. Wilson died in 1882 passing the firm on to his sons, George and William Wilson. The brothers merged the firm with that of J. Imray and Sons in 1899 and, as Imray, Laurie, Norie and Wilson Ltd., they continue to publish to the present day. More by this mapmaker...
Very good. Some creasing. Repaired tears, and minor stains - indicative of maritime use. Laid on linen.