Mare Rubrum seu Sinus Arabicus ad observationes maximam partem ab Auctore annis MDCCLXII et MDCCLXIII institutas delineatus a C. Niebuhr.
1774 (undated) 31.5 x 9.5 in (80.01 x 24.13 cm)
1 : 3400000
An attractive example of Carsten Neibuhr's important 1774 map of the Red Sea. This long map covers the red sea from Suez to the Gulf of Aden. It offers some maritime detail as well as exceptional notation of the port towns and cites to be found along the coast – particular the east or Saudi Coast. Neibuhr compiled this map of the Royal Danish Arabia Expedition where he employed modern marine surveying techniques to produce the most accurate chart yet seen of the Red Sea. This chart was issued in Niebuhr's 1774 book, published in Amsterdam after his return as the sole survivor of the expedition, Beschryving van Arabie.
Carsten Niebuhr (March 17, 1733- April 26, 1815) was a German mathematician, cartographer, surveyor, explorer, and astronomer active in Denmark and the Middle East in the second half of the 18th century. Neibuhr is best known contributions to the ill fated 1761-67 Royal Danish expedition to Arabia where he employed revolutionary astronomical and hydrographic surveying techniques to produced advanced maps of the Nile Delta, Red Sea, Persian Gulf and Shat el Arab. The expeditions encountered a series of misfortunes associated with disease and dwindled until only Neibuhr remained. As the only surviving member of the expedition he continued to Bombay and then returned overland via Muscat, Bushire, Shiraz, and Persepolis to Denmark. Neibuhr used Tobias Mayer's lunar distance method for determining longitude, a technique that would later be adapted by Cook, Vancouver, and other great marine surveyors of the late 18th century.
Neibuhr, C., Beschryving van Arabie uit eigene waarnemingen en in 't land zelf verzamelde narigten opgesteld door Carsten Niebuhr. Uit het Hoogduitsch vertaald en vermeerderd met een volledig register van 't geheele werk, (Amsterdam: S. J. Baalde) 1774.
Good. Backed on archival tissue. Even overall toning.
OCLC 646117854. Harvard University, Pusey Library, MAP-LC G5687.R3 1772 .N5, Hollis: 011961735.