Indischer Ocean Nicobaren. Bucht von Saoui auf Carnicobar. / [Sawai Bay at Car Nicobar].
30 x 20 in (76.2 x 50.8 cm)
1 : 22500
This is a rare 1858 Baron Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair map of Sawai Bay and the northern part of the island of Car Nicobar, Nicobar Islands, Indian Ocean. It is one of series of maps of Indian Ocean islands compiled by the 1857 - 1859 Austrian Novara Expedition. This map includes a brief legend noting longitude, latitude, and units of measurement ('Viennese feet'), as well as common elements of maps in this series, such as numbers on the map indicating the hourly speed of the current in stagnant or falling water.
The Nicobar Islands and Sawai BayThe Nicobar Islands are in the eastern Indian Ocean, close to the island of Sumatra and just south of the Andaman Islands. They were included in the 17th century Mao Kun map of the Zheng He Voyages (鄭和航海圖). Various colonial powers tried to claim to the islands, including Austria in the 1770s - 1780s, and, most successfully, the Danish, who saw the islands as an extension of their trading colony at Tranquebar on the Indian subcontinent. As a result, the Danes completed the most extensive mapping of the islands prior to the Novara. This map is particularly interested with the settlements (Dorf) around the Bay on the northern side of Car Nicobar. In this case, members of the Novara landed on the island and travelled some distance up a river, named Areca here, in small boats to the point that further progress was impossible.
The Novara Expedition of 1857 - 1859The Austrian Navy frigate Novara under the command of Baron Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (1816 - 1883) circumnavigated the globe between April 30, 1857 and August 26, 1859. The ambitious scientific voyage included several well-known scientists, among them a geologist, an ethnologist, and a zoologist. It had the support of high-level Austrian nobles, officials, and scientists, including Alexander von Humboldt. Many items collected on the voyage were later housed in museums in Vienna, especially the imperial Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum.
Aside from von Wüllerstorf-Urbair's own account of the voyage, mentioned below, a report stretching to 21 volumes on various aspects of the journey (zoology, anthropology, geology and paleontology, linguistics, etc.) was presented to the Viennese Academy of Sciences and published for the public. An abridged three volume account was also published by Dr. Karl von Scherzer in English and German. The long-term impact was considerable, especially in the sciences. Among other results, Scherzer brought back to Austria an extensive collection of coca leaves that he gave to a graduate student, Albert Niemann, who was the first to isolate cocaine. In 2004, the Novara was featured on the 20 Euro coin.
Publication History and CensusThis map was printed by the K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei (the Imperial Royal State Printing Office) and is attributed to Baron Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. It also carries the seal of the Hydrographische Anstalt (Hydrographic Institute) in Vienna. Although it is dated as 1858 and usually cataloged as such, it likely was printed after the voyage's completion and is cataloged as anywhere between 1857 and 1865 by different institutions. It is held by a number of libraries and universities in Europe but is scarce to the market.
Baron Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (January 29, 1816 – August 10, 1883) was an Austrian naval officer and later Minister of Trade. Wüllerstorf-Urbair was born in Trieste, then ruled by Austria, and later returned to Italy to manage the naval observatory in Venice. He was made captain and Commodore of the Novara for its 1857 – 1859 circumnavigation of the globe, which he wrote about in a book titled Journey of the Austrian Frigate Novara around the Earth in 1857, 1858, 1859 under the command of Commodore B. von Wüllersdorf-Urbair (German title Reise der oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde…). Learn More...
Very good. Some foxing and toning along original centerfold and at margins.