Gemeine Beschreibung Aller Mitnachtigen Lander Schweden, Gothen, Nordwegien, Dennmarck
1574 (undated) 10 x 14 in (25.4 x 35.56 cm)
1 : 6300000
An Uncommon 1574 Sebastian Munster Woodcut Map Of Scandinavia. The Map Covers Scandinavia From Iceland To Germany And From Edinburgh, Scotland, To (Roughly) The Modern Day Russian Border. It Includes The Modern Day Nations Of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Scotland, Latvia And Estonia, As Well As Both The Baltic Sea And The North Sea. This Is Munster's Second Woodcut Of Scandinavia. Cartographically It Is Based Upon The Carta Marina Of Olaus Magnus. It Was Issued In The German Edition Of Munster's Cosmographey Oder Beschreibung Aller Länder. It Was Published In Basel By Heinrich Petri.
Sebastian Münster (January 20, 1488 - May 26 1552), was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Hebrew scholar. Münster was born at Ingelheim near Mainz, the son of Andreas Munster. He completed his studies at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen in 1518, after which he was appointed to the University of Basel in 1527. As Professor of Hebrew, he edited the Hebrew Bible, accompanied by a Latin translation. His principal work, the Cosmographia, first issued in 1544, was the earliest German description of the world. The book proved popular and was reissued in numerous editions and languages including Latin, French, Italian, English, and Czech. The last German edition was published in 1628, long after his death. The Cosmographia was one of the most successful and popular books of the 16th century. It passed through 24 editions in 100 years. This success was due to the fascinating woodcuts (some by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Manuel Deutsch, and David Kandel). Munster's work was highly influential in reviving classical geography in 16th century Europe. In 1540 he published a Latin edition of Ptolemy's Geographia, also with illustrations. The 1550 edition contains cities, portraits, and costumes. These editions, printed in Germany, are the most valued of the Cosmographia. Münster also wrote the Dictionarium trilingue in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew and composed a large format map of Europe in 1536. In 1537 he published a Hebrew Gospel of Matthew which he had obtained from Spanish Jews he had converted. Most of Munster's work was published by his son-in-Law, Heinrich Petri (Henricus Petrus), and his son Sebastian Henric Petri. He died at Basel of the plague in 1552.
Heinrich Petri (1508 - 1579) and his son Sebastian Henric Petri (1545 – 1627) were printers based in Basel, Switzerland. Heinrich was the son of the printer Adam Petri and Anna Selber. After Adam died in 1527, Anna married the humanist and geographer Sebastian Munster - one of Adam's collaborators. Sebastian contracted his son-in-law, Henricus Petri (Petrus), to print editions of his wildly popular Cosmographia. Later Petri, brought his son, Sebastian Henric Petri, into the family business. Their firm was known as the Officina Henricpetrina. In addition to the Cosmographia, they also published a number of seminal other works including the 1566 second edition of Nicolaus Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium and Georg Joachim Rheticus's Narratio .
Munster, S., Cosmographey Oder Beschreibung Aller Länder, (Basel: Petri) 1574.
Very good. German text on verso. Some bleedthrough. Overall a very fine example.
Ginsberg, W.B., Scandia: Important Early Maps of the Northern Regions and Maps and Charts of Norway, 1482-1601, No. 12. OCLC 21787089.