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1856 Kiepert Map of the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt

Map of the Peninsula of Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea from the itineraries of E. Robinson and E. Smith. - Main View

1856 Kiepert Map of the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt


Important biblical map of the Sinai by the founder of 'Palestinology'.


Map of the Peninsula of Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea from the itineraries of E. Robinson and E. Smith.
  1856 (undated)     21.5 x 16.75 in (54.61 x 42.545 cm)


An uncommon map of the Sinai Peninsula by the classical scholar and cartographer H. Kiepert. Covers from the Red Sea to the Arabian Peninsula. This map is based on the 1838 travels of E. Robinson and E. Smith in this area. Robinson and Smith, in search of unidentified Biblical sites, traveled throughout the Middle East but most particularly in modern day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The duo used local traditions as well as established Biblical scholarship to identify a number of important sites. This map is largely the result of their research and work. Their route, shown in red, leads from Cairo eastward, through Suez, then south, skirting the rugged interior, to Mount Sinai, then northwards past Aqaba, into modern day Israel. Most place names are transliterations of Arabic though biblical references are included where appropriate. There are two inset maps. The first, in the upper left quadrant focuses on the Cairo-Suez portion of the journey. The second map, in the lower right, details part of the remarkable ruined city of Petra, known as the 'Rose red city half as old as time.' This map was drawn by Heinrich Keipert, a noted expert on historical cartography, for Robinson's important work Biblical Researches in Palestine, and in the Adjacent Regions.


Heinrich Kiepert (July 31, 1818 - April 21, 1899) was a German cartographer and historian active in the mid to late 19th century. Kiepert was born into generous circumstances that allowed him to develop his childhood interest in geography and history into a serious profession. The Berlin-born Kiepert traveled widely in his youth, and was encouraged in his studies by the historian Leopold von Ranke, a family friend. He was a student of classical antiquity under August Meineke and worked with Cal Ritter. He studied history, philology, and geography at the Humboldt University of Berlin - he would eventually teach geography there, and would remain there until his death. Disappointed with the poor quality of maps in historical school books, Kiepert set out to correct the problem. His first major work, the Atlas von Hellas und den hellenischen Kolonien, was published with Karl Ritter in 1840. The work immediately won accolades from the academic community. A number of similar publications followed, including the 1848 Historisch-geographischer Atlas der alten Welt, the 1854 Atlas Antiquus, and the 1894 Formae Orbis Antiqui. Kiepert specialized in the historical geography of the classical world at the University of Berlin. This developed into a geographical interest in the Ottoman Empire - which at the time was poorly mapped. He traveled to Asia Minor four times between 1841 and 1848, using his travels to collect and compile geographical data, producing several outstanding regional maps with wide-ranging coverage extending from the Mediterranean to the Caucasus. Thanks in large part to these works, Kiepert became the recognized expert on Ottoman geography, his works representing the best obtainable reconnaissances of their respective regions. From 1845 until 1852, Kiepert served as the head of the Geographisches Institut in Weimar. In 1854 he took a position as professor of Geography at the University of Berlin and for nearly 50 years was considered the go-to man with regard to the cartography of classical and biblical antiquity. Kipert formed a long-lasting professional association with Dietrich Reimer, a publisher in Berlin. Kiepert's maps are known for b being clear, easy to read, and as accurate as possible for the time in which they were produced. In addition to his landmark work in mapping the Ottoman Empire, Kiepert also published the first detailed ethnic maps of Austria-Hungary, the Balkan Peninsula, and Germany. Kiepert died in Berlin on April 21 of 1899. More by this mapmaker...

Edward Robinson (1794-1863) was an American biblical scholar, known as the "Father of Biblical Geography". He has also been referred to, by scholar James Pritchard, as the "founder of modern Palestinology". Robinson was born in Connecticut and spent the year of 1838 exploring Palestine, Egypt, Syria and Jordan with fellow scholar the Reverent Eli Smith. His great work, Biblical Researches in Palestine and Adjacent Countries was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1842. In their travels Smith and Robinson identified a number of supposed biblical sites including a tunnel dug by Hezekiah before the Assyrian Siege of Jerusalem in 701-2 BC. His cartographic influence on map of the Holy Land was significant with several important American publishers including Colton and Johnson, updating their maps (and publishing new ones) with based upon his material. Learn More...

Eli Smith (1801-1857) was an American Protestant Missionary and scholar, born at Northford, Connecticut. He graduated from Yale in 1821 and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1826. He worked in Malta until 1829, then traveled through Armenia and Georgia to Persia in the company of H. G. O. Dwight. They published their observations, Missionary Researches in Armenia in 1833 in two volumes. Eli Smith settled in Beirut in 1833. In 1838, along with Edward Robinson, he made two trips to the Holy Land, acting as an interpreter for Robinson in his quest to identify and record Biblical place names in Palestine. He is known for bringing the first printing press with Arabic type to Syria. He went on to pursue his life's work: translation of the Bible into Arabic. Although he died before completing the translation, the work was completed by C. V. Van Dyck of the Syrian Mission and published in 1860. Learn More...


Robinson, E., and Smith, E., Biblical Researches in Palestine, and in the Adjacent Regions. A Journal of Travels in the Year 1838. (Boston: Crocker & Brewster) 1856.    


Good. Some toning on original fold lines. Margins all round narrow as issued. Minor repairs to border area, left side. Blank on verso.