A New Map of South Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place along the stage & steam boat routes.
1850 (dated) 12.5 x 15 in (31.75 x 38.1 cm)
1 : 400000
A fine example of Samuel Augustus Mitchell's important 1850 map of South Carolina. This map shows cities, topographical features, railways, ferries and roads with color coding at the county level. In addition to cartographic information this map is full of practical data for the traveler including notes on steam boat and ferry routes. The lower left quadrant bears a detailed inset of Charleston divided into its five boroughs: Cannon, Radcliffe, Wragg, Mazyck, and Hampstead. Important buildings, streets, wharves, and piers are also noted.
Cartographically this map is based on the earlier work of Tanner though it has been updated with new information as well as Mitchell's distinctive decorative border and color scheme. Published as plate no. 19 in the 1850 edition of Mitchell's New Universal Atlas. Dated and copyrighted: 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1850 by Thomas Cowperthwait and Co. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and Mitchell's General Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Charles Desilver who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell, S. A., A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World, (Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., Philadelphia) 1854.
Very good. Overall age toning. Minor spotting.
Rumsey 4328.021 (1855 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 6118.