1783 Janvier Map of Spain and Portugal

Les Royaumes d'Espagne et de Portugal, divisee par Grandes Provinces. - Main View

1783 Janvier Map of Spain and Portugal




Les Royaumes d'Espagne et de Portugal, divisee par Grandes Provinces.
  1783 (undated)     13 x 18 in (33.02 x 45.72 cm)     1 : 3600000


A beautiful example of Jean Janvier's 1783 decorative map of Spain and Portugal. Janvier's map covers the Iberian Peninsula as well as adjacent parts of France and Africa. The map prominently displays the Balearic Islands of Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza.

Spain at this time was under the rule of Charles III (1759-1788), a classic enlightened despot whose reforms ushered in a sustained period of Iberian prosperity. Unfortunately, the reforms of Charles III were overturned during the reign of his mentally handicapped son, Charles IV (1788 to abdication in 1808). Dominated by his wife's lover, Manuel de Godoy, Charles IV embarked on policies that regressed Spain to its pre-Charles III state. Spain was ultimately cajoled into an uneasy alliance with France and was consequently blockaded by the British. Charles IV's vacillation, culminating in his failure to honor the alliance by neglecting to enforce the Continental System, led to Napoleon's 1808 invasion of Spain and triggered the Spanish War of Independence.

A large decorative title cartouche of a rococo ethic appears in the upper right quadrant. Drawn by J. Janvier c. 1781 for issue as plate no. 8 in Jean Lattre's 1783 issue of the Atlas Moderne.


Jean Denis Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776), sometime also known as 'Robert', was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century, Janvier was awarded the title of 'Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi' and this designation appears on many of his later maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Longchamps, Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. More by this mapmaker...

Jean Lattré (170x - 178x) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, globe maker, calligrapher, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattré published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattré brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattré likes trained his wife Madame Lattré (né Vérard), as an engraver, as a late 18th century trade card promotes the world of 'Lattré et son Epouse.' Lattré's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Later in life he relocated to Bordeaux. Learn More...


Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1783.    


Very good condition. Original centerfold exhibits toning. Blank on verso. Platemark visible.


Rumsey 2612.022. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.