1775 Bonne Map or Chart of the Spheres and Compass Rose

Spheres2-bonne-1775
$150.00
Sphère de Ptolomée.
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1775 Bonne Map or Chart of the Spheres and Compass Rose

Spheres2-bonne-1775

Illustrates five different spheres used in cartography.

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Title


Sphère de Ptolomée.
  1775 (undated)    13.5 x 17.75 in (34.29 x 45.085 cm)

Description


This is Rigobert Bonne's 1775 curious decorative chart of the Spheres. The chart features five different spheres used in mapmaking and calculating map projections. From top left, Sphère de Ptolomée (Ptolemaic Sphere), Sphère Droite (Right Sphere), Sphère Parallèle (Parallel Sphere), Rose de Boussole (Compass Rose) with the winds used while sailing on the ocean, and another Rose de Boussole (Compass Rose) comprising the winds employed by mariners on the Mediterranean.

Drawn by Rigobert Bonne c.1775 for issue as plate no. 1 in Jean Lattre's Atlas Moderne.

CartographerS


Rigobert Bonne (October 6, 1727 - September 2, 1794) was one of the most important French cartographers of the late 18th century. Bonne was born in Ardennes à Raucourt, France. He taught himself mathematics and by eighteen was a working engineer. During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 - 1748) he served as a military engineer at Berg-op-Zoom. It the subsequent years Bonne became one of the most respected masters of mathematics, physics, and geography in Paris. In 1773, Bonne succeeded Jacques-Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period - most on an equal-area projection known erroneously as the 'Bonne Projection.' Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more scientific and practical aesthetic. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal. Bonne died of edema in 1794, but his son Charles-Marie Rigobert Bonne continued to publish his work well after his death.


Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.

Source


Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1775.    

Condition


Very good. Wear along original centerfold. Verso repair to centerfold separation. Blank on verso.

References


Rumsey 2612.002. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.
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