1686 (undated) 10 x 12.75 in (25.4 x 32.385 cm)
This is a 1686 Olfert Dapper view of St. Helena. The view depicts the entirety of the island, illustrating its topography and rivers. Eight locations are numerically identified, with an index in Dutch in the lower left corner, and a French index in the upper right. Six of the eight identified locations correspond to valleys most likely associated with the rivers. The Dutch index on the lower left is surrounded by a decorative cartouche. Several ships are illustrated in the Atlantic on their way to and from the island.
St. Helena is an island 2,500 miles east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,210 miles west of the Cunene River, which establishes the border between Namibia and Angola. The island is approximately 10 miles by 5 miles. St. Helena holds the distinction of being one the most remote islands in the world, and was uninhabited when discovered by the Portuguese in 1502. It became an important waypoint for vessels traveling to Europe from Asia and South America and is also famous as a place of exile. Napoleon was exiled there by the British in 1815, and the island served as a prison camp during the Second Boer War. St. Helena also hosted a series of experiments in conservation, reforestation, and the creation of artificial rainfall between 1791 and 1833. These experiments helped establish the beginnings of modern environmentalism.
This view was produced by Olfert Dapper and published by in the French edition of Description of Africa entitled Description de L'Afrique and published in 1686.
Olfert Dapper (1636 - December 29, 1689) was a Dutch geographer, polyglot, and historian. Born in Amsterdam, he attended the University of Utrecht, where he was registered as a student in 1658. Two years later he began signing doctor medicinæ, but there in no evidence that he ever received any medical training or education. Dapper published a five-volume book about the history of Amsterdam entitled, Historische Beschrijving der Stadt Amsterdam and in 1665 published a Dutch translation from the Greek of the Histories of Herodotus. His best-known work, Naukeurige Beschrijvingen der Afrikaensche gewesten (Description of Africa), was published in 1668 and subsequently published in English by John Ogilby in 1670 and in French in 1686. Although Dapper never traveled to Africa, he took advantage of numerous reports from adventurers in order to compile this authoritative work over the course of three years.
Dapper, O., Description de L'Afrique, Contenant Les Noms, la Situation et les Confins de toutes ses Parties, leurs Rivieres, lerus Villes et leurs Habitations, leurs Plants et leurs Animaux; les Mœurs, les Coûtumes, la Langue, les Richesses, la Religion, et le Gouvernement de ses Peuples. Avec Des Cartes des Etats, des Provinces et des Villes, et des Figures en taille-douce, qui representent les habits et les principales Ceremonies des Habitans, les Plantes et les Animaux les moins connus (Amsterdam) 1686.
Description of Africa (Naukeurige Beschrijvinge der Afrikaensche Gewesten in the original Dutch), first published in 1668, is an ethnographic book which describes Africa. Written by the geographer Olmert Dapper and published by Jacob Van Meurs in two Dutch editions in 1668 and 1676, this work is considered to be one of the foundational works of African studies. Over the course of three years, Dapper consults numerous reports concerning the history and geography of the continent (as it was understood by 17th century Europeans) and travelogues. It is said that Dapper relied heavily on the records of the Dutch West India Company, although none of the original reports have been located by historians. In Description of Africa, per the Foundation Dapper, Dapper, 'far from passing judgement on the societies described and by avoiding ethnocentric connotations, was the first to apply an interdisciplinary approach, adroitly combining geography, economics, politics, medicine, and a study of culture.' Dapper did not write a 'work of exotic curiosities, but a work for posterity.' Description of Africa was published in English by John Ogilby in 1670 and a German translation appeared the following year. A French translation of the work was published in 1686.
Very good. Verso reinforcement along left and right margins. Verso repair of small centerfold separation. Blank on verso.