1870 Johnson Map of the World showing Temperature and Ocean Currents

TempCurrents-johnson-1870
$100.00
Johnson's Ocean Currents and the Great River Basins of the World, by Prof A. Guyot. / Johnson's World showing the  Distribution of the Temperature of the Air; by Prof A. Guyot.
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1870 Johnson Map of the World showing Temperature and Ocean Currents

TempCurrents-johnson-1870


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Title


Johnson's Ocean Currents and the Great River Basins of the World, by Prof A. Guyot. / Johnson's World showing the Distribution of the Temperature of the Air; by Prof A. Guyot.
  1870 (dated)    23.25 x 16.5 in (59.055 x 41.91 cm)

Description


This is A. J. Johnson 1870 thematic map of the world illustrating Currents, River Basins, and Air Temperature. Combines two maps, both based upon the work of Geologist A. Guyot, on a single folio sheet. The upper map depicts the world's ocean currents and illustrates the Great River Basins of the world. Under the map a comparative chart indicates the lengths of the world's great rivers. The lower map depicts the average air temperatures for different parts of the world. Two smaller maps at the bottom of the main map show variances for winter and summer. Features the spirograph style border common to Johnson's atlas work in 1870. Steel plate engraving prepared by A. J. Johnson for publication as page nos. 9 - 10 in the rare 1870 edition of his New Illustrated Atlas… Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year of 1870, by A. J. Johnson in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.'

CartographerS


Alvin Jewett Johnson (September 23, 1827 - April 22, 1884) was a prolific American map publisher active from 1856 to the mid-1880s. Johnson was born into a poor family in Wallingford, Vermont where he received only a based public education. He is known to have worked as school teacher for several years before moving to Richmond, Virginia. Johnson got his first taste of the map business and a salesman and book canvasser for J. H. Colton and company. The earliest Johnson maps were published with D. Griffing Johnson (no clear relation) and date to the mid-1850s, however it was not until 1860 that the Johnson firm published its first significant work, the Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas. The publication of the Family Atlas followed a somewhat mysterious 1859 deal with the well-established but financially strapped J. H. Colton cartographic publishing firm. Although map historian Water Ristow speculates that Colton sold his copyrights to Johnson and his business partner, another Vermonter named Ross C. Browning (1832 - 1899), a more likely theory is that Johnson and Browning financially supported the Colton firm in exchange for the right to use Colton's existing copyrighted map plates. Regardless of which scenario actually occurred it is indisputable that the first Johnson atlas maps were mostly reissues of earlier Colton maps. Early on Johnson described his firm as the "Successors to J. H. Colton and Company". Johnson's business strategy involved transferring the original Colton steel plate engravings to cheaper lithographic stones, allowing his firm to produce more maps at a lower price point. In 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War the Johnson and Browning firm moved their office from Richmond, Virginia to New York City. Johnson and Browning published two editions of the Johnson Atlas in 1860 and 1861. Sometime in 1861 Browning's portion of the firm was purchased by Benjamin P. Ward, whose name subsequently replaced Browning's on the imprint. The 1863 issue of the Family Atlas was one of the most unusual, it being a compilation of older Johnson and Browning maps, updated 1862 Johnson and Ward map issues, and newer 1863 maps with a revised border design. The 1864 issue of the Family Atlas is the first true Johnson and Ward atlas. Johnson published one more edition of the atlas in partnership with Ward in 1865, after which Johnson seems to have bought out Ward's share the firm. The next issue of the Atlas, 1866, is the first purely "Johnson" atlas with all new map plates, updated imprints, and copyrights. The Family Atlas went through roughly 27 years of publication, from 1860 to 1887, outliving Johnson himself who died in 1884. Johnson maps from the Family Atlas are notable for their unique borders, of which there are four different designs, the "strapwork border" from 1860 to 1863, the "fretwork border" from 1863 to 1869 and the "spirograph border" in 1870 – 1882, and a more elaborate version of the same from 1880-1887. In addition to the Family Atlas Johnson issued numerous wall maps, pocket maps, and in the 1880s the Cyclopedia. Johnson maps are known for their size, accuracy, detail, and stunning, vivid hand coloring. Johnson maps, purely American in their style and execution, chronicle some of the most important and periods in American history including the Civil War, the Westward Expansion, and the Indian Wars. Today Johnson's maps, especially those of the American west, are highly sought after by map collectors and historians.


Arnold Henry Guyot (September 28, 1807 - February 8, 1884) was an important Swiss-American geologist and geographer working in the middle part of the 19th century. Guyot studied geography at the college of Neuchatel in Berlin, Germany before moving to Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1848. There he worked with the board of education for several years before being tenured as a professor of Geography at Princeton in 1854. He remained at Princeton for thirty years until his death in 1884. He is known for his extensive meteorological studies and for his discoveries regarding the motion and structure of glaciers.

Source


Johnson, A. J., Johnson's New Illustrated Family Atlas. (1870 A. J. Johnson edition)    

Condition


Very good condition. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.