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1870 Johnson Map of the World showing Temperature and Ocean Currents

Johnson's Ocean Currents and the Great River Basins of the World, by Prof A. Guyot. / Johnson's World showing the  Distribution of the Temperature of the Air; by Prof A. Guyot. - Main View

1870 Johnson Map of the World showing Temperature and Ocean Currents



Johnson's Ocean Currents and the Great River Basins of the World, by Prof A. Guyot. / Johnson's World showing the Distribution of the Temperature of the Air; by Prof A. Guyot.
  1870 (dated)     23.25 x 16.5 in (59.055 x 41.91 cm)


This is A. J. Johnson 1870 thematic map of the world illustrating Currents, River Basins, and Air Temperature. Combines two maps, both based upon the work of Geologist A. Guyot, on a single folio sheet. The upper map depicts the world's ocean currents and illustrates the Great River Basins of the world. Under the map a comparative chart indicates the lengths of the world's great rivers. The lower map depicts the average air temperatures for different parts of the world. Two smaller maps at the bottom of the main map show variances for winter and summer. Features the spirograph style border common to Johnson's atlas work in 1870. Steel plate engraving prepared by A. J. Johnson for publication as page nos. 9 - 10 in the rare 1870 edition of his New Illustrated Atlas… Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year of 1870, by A. J. Johnson in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.'


Alvin Jewett Johnson (September 23, 1827 - April 22, 1884) was a prolific American map publisher active from 1856 to the mid-1880s. Johnson was born into a poor family in Wallingford, Vermont where he received only a based public education. He is known to have worked as school teacher for several years before moving to Richmond, Virginia. Johnson got his first taste of the map business and a salesman and book canvasser for J. H. Colton and company. The earliest Johnson maps were published with D. Griffing Johnson (no clear relation) and date to the mid-1850s, however it was not until 1860 that the Johnson firm published its first significant work, the Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas. The publication of the Family Atlas followed a somewhat mysterious 1859 deal with the well-established but financially strapped J. H. Colton cartographic publishing firm. Although map historian Water Ristow speculates that Colton sold his copyrights to Johnson and his business partner, another Vermonter named Ross C. Browning (1822 - 1899), a more likely theory is that Johnson and Browning financially supported the Colton firm in exchange for the right to use Colton's existing copyrighted map plates. Regardless of which scenario actually occurred it is indisputable that the first Johnson atlas maps were mostly reissues of earlier Colton maps. Early on Johnson described his firm as the 'Successors to J. H. Colton and Company'. Johnson's business strategy involved transferring the original Colton steel plate engravings to cheaper lithographic stones, allowing his firm to produce more maps at a lower price point. In 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War the Johnson and Browning split their firm between two offices. Johnson moved from Richmond, Virginia to New York City. Browning remained in Richmond, where he published at least one more edition of the atlas after the war began, in 1862. Johnson and Browning published two editions of the Johnson Atlas: 1860 (Richmond and New York) and 1861 (Richmond and New York). Sometime in 1861 Browning's portion of the firm (or perhaps the New York portion?) was purchased by Benjamin P. Ward, whose name subsequently replaced Browning's on the imprint. The 1863 issue of the Family Atlas was one of the most unusual, it being a compilation of older 'Johnson and Browning' maps, and updated 1862 'Johnson and Ward' maps, and newer 1863 maps with a revised border design. The 1864 issue of the Family Atlas is the first fully 'Johnson and Ward' atlas. Johnson published one more edition of the atlas in partnership with Ward in 1865, after which Johnson seems to have bought out Ward's share the firm. The next issue of the atlas, 1866, is the first purely 'Johnson' atlas with all new map plates, updated imprints, and copyrights. The Family Atlas went through roughly 27 years of publication, from 1860 to 1887, outliving Johnson himself who died in 1884. Johnson maps from the Family Atlas are notable for their unique borders, of which there are four different designs, the 'strapwork border' from 1860 to 1863, the 'fretwork border' from 1863 to 1869 and the 'spirograph border' in 1870 – 1882, and a more elaborate version of the same from 1880 - 1887. In addition to the Family Atlas Johnson issued numerous wall maps, pocket maps, and in the 1880s the Cyclopedia. Johnson maps are known for their size, accuracy, detail, and stunning, vivid hand coloring. Johnson maps, purely American in their style and execution, chronicle some of the most important and periods in American history including the Civil War, the Westward Expansion, and the Indian Wars. Today Johnson's maps, especially those of the American west, are highly sought after by map collectors and historians. More by this mapmaker...

Arnold Henry Guyot (September 28, 1807 - February 8, 1884) was a Swiss-American geologist and geographer. Though he intended to join the ministry, during his education he became familiar with the natural sciences, working with close friend Louis Agassiz and forming a connection with von Humboldt. At Agassiz’ urging he studied glaciers in the Swiss Alps, and presented to the Geological Society of France what would be the first important data on glacial motion. He became professor of history and geography at the College of Neuchâtel. On its closing, he emigrated to the United States with his mother, sister and nephew, the draftsman Ernest Sandoz. There he would become a lecturer, first at the Lowell Institute, and later as a professor of geography and geology at Princeton. During his professorship he worked for the Smithsonian Institution in order to develop a national meteorological system, which would result in the formation of the United States Weather Bureau. He was accompanied in his emigration by his produced a number of text books, as well as a series of educational wall maps. Guyot produced maps in conjunction with his nephew from about 1857 to 1881. His work with Sandoz included the first detailed maps of the Catskills and the Southern Appalachians. Learn More...


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Very good condition. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.