1867 Mitchell Map of Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, Peru, Ecuador, and Argentina
Map of New Granada, Venezuela and Guiana. Map of Peru, and Equador. Map of the Argentine Confederation.
1867 (dated) 14.5 x 11 in (36.83 x 27.94 cm)
A beautiful example of the American map publisher Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s 1867 three map sheet depicting parts of South America. The first map shows New Granada (Columbia), Venezuela and Guyana. The second map, in the lower left quadrant, depicts Peru and equador (ecuador). The third map, in the lower right quadrant, features the Argentine Confederation.
Simon Bolivar's vision of Gran Columbia was proven untenable and in 1829 and 1839, respectively, Venezuela and ecuador became independent nations leading to period of political upheaval and civil war throughout the region. Venezuela dissolved in the bloody Federal War (1859-1863) in which a significant percentage of the population perished. Colombia became the Confederación Granadina, a short lived federal republic that consisted of modern day Colombia and Panama. The Confederación, facing strong opposition from both liberal and conservative elements, dissolved in 1863 in the midst of the Colombian Civil War (1860 – 1862).
This map also identifies various cities, towns, rivers and an assortment of additional topographical details. Map is color coded according to political boundaries with elevation rendered by hachure. One of the most attractive American atlas maps of this region to appear in the mid-19th century. Features the vine motif border typical of Mitchell maps from the 1866 - 1882 period. Prepared by S.A. Mitchell for inclusion as plate no. 61 in the 1867 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1867 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerks Office of the District Court for the eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell's New General Atlas 1867 edition.
Very good. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 2483.044 (1870 edition).