This is a 1914 George Philip map of Europe at the beginning of World War I. Philip uses colors to illustrate the alliances between the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France, and Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy). Neutral and independent countries are shaded other colors, although their neutrality did not save them from the onslaught of war in Belgium's case. Major cities are identified across the continent, along with fortresses, airship depots, wireless stations, and railways. Infographics along the right border provide an incredible visual summary of each country's military strength. The infographics create compelling comparisons between the belligerents. The comparison between standing armies, for example, lays bare the shocking difference between the Russian and French armies and the British army. At the same time, the British navy vastly outclasses any of the others in almost every category. Aircraft appear as well, an intriguing prospect in 1914 since airships and airplanes had never before been used in combat.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by George Philip and Son and published by the Daily Mail in 1914. Ten examples are cataloged in OCLC and are part of institutional collections in the United States and the United Kingdom, including the Osher Map Library at the University of Southern Maine, Texas A and M University, Stanford University, Yale University, Oxford University, and the British Library.
George Philip (1800 - 1882) was a map publisher and cartographer active in the in the mid to late-19th century. Philip was born into a Calvinst family in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Around 1819 he apprenticed himself to William Grapel, a Liverpool printer and bookseller. Fifteen years later, in 1834, Philip founded his own Liverpool book and map firm. Philip's earliest cartographic ventures were mostly educational material issued in tandem with John Bartholomew Sr., August Petermann and William Hughes. In 1848 Philip admitted his son, George Philip Jr. (1823 - 1902) into the firm, redubbing it George Philip & Son Ltd. George Philip Jr. ran the firm until his death in 1902 by which time it had developed into a major publishing concern. His successors established the London Geographical Institute, a factory where they embraced modern printing techniques to produce thousands of economical and high quality maps. In April of 1988 George Philip & Son was acquired by Octopus Publishing, a branch of Reed International. Nonetheless, today the firm still trades and publishes as George Philip & Son. Learn More...
Very good. Mounted on linen. Exhibits light wear and toning along original fold lines. Blank on verso. Accompanied by original binder.