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1905 Bond and General Land Office Map of Washington

Washington-bond-1905
$400.00
State of Washington. - Main View
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1905 Bond and General Land Office Map of Washington

Washington-bond-1905

An incredible large format map of Washington State - illustrates Mount Rainier National Park six years after it was established.

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Title


State of Washington.
  1905 (dated)     24 x 35.5 in (60.96 x 90.17 cm)     1 : 760320

Description


This is a 1905 Frank Bond and General Land Office map of Washington. The map depicts the region from Vancouver Island and the Pacific Ocean to Idaho and from Canada to Oregon. Meticulously detailed, the state's organization is presented at several different levels. At a statewide level, not observing any form of governmental organization, are national Forest Reserves, Indian Reservations, and Mount Rainier National Park. Illustrated using thick green, yellow, and pink lines and shading with the same colors, these reservations ignore the county boundaries (which are noted by thick red lines and labeled) and may not occupy a full township, but only some of the thirty-six sections within a given township. The township grid is overlaid on the entire map, allowing for easy identification of which parcel of land a certain settler occupies, or wants to occupy. Curiously, some townships have not been subdivided, and these are marked by an 'o' in the center of the township. Even more curious, are the townships that have only been partially subdivided. Myriad cities and towns are labeled, including Seattle, Tacoma, Olympia, and Vancouver. Several rivers, including the Columbia, are labeled, along with lakes and the Cascade Mountains.

This map was compiled and drawn by Daniel O'Hare under the direction of Frank Bond for the General Land Office and printed by Brett Lithographing Company in 1905.

CartographerS


Frank Bond (1856 - 1940) was an American cartographer, draftsman, surveyor, illustrator, and politician. Born in rural Jones County, Iowa, Bond graduated from the University of Iowa. In 1772, he moved to Cheyenne Wyoming, where he worked for the Wyoming Surveyor-General's Office and later the General Land Office as a draftsman. He left this position to edit the Cheyenne Tribute and engage in local politics. Bond was elected as a member of the first Wyoming legislature. In 1900, he moved to Washington, D.C., where he held the positions of Chief of the Drafting Division and Chief Clerk at the General Land Office. While at the Land Office, Bond helped determine the borders of Yosemite National Park . As a skilled mapmaker and illustrator, Bond created numerous maps. He was also an active illustrator, painter and ornithologist, creating and preserving bird refuges throughout the country. He had a twin brother, Fred Bond, was also an important surveyor and draftsman. Learn More...


The General Land Office (GLO) (1812 - 1946) was an independent agency of the United States government responsible for public domain lands in the United States. Created in 1812, it took over functions previously conducted by the Department of the Treasury. The GLO oversaw the surveying, platting, and sale of public lands in the western United States. It also administered the Preemption Act of 1841, which allowed individuals who were already living on federal land to purchase up to 160 acres of land before it was offered for sale to the general public, if they met certain requirements. Following the passage of the Homestead Act in 1862, which was also administered by the GLO, claims under the Preemption Act sharply decreased. The GLO became a part of the newly-created Department of the Interior in 1849. In 1891 Grover Cleveland and Congress created 17 forest reserves, due to public concern over forest conservation, which were initially managed by the GLO, until they were transferred to the Forest Service in 1905. In 1946 the Government Land Office was merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management. Today the Bureau of Land Management administers the roughly 246 million acres of public land remaining under federal ownership. Learn More...


Alphonse Brett (1823 - August 18, 1889) was a French-American chromolithographer known for plates and cards, flower prints, building views, and book illustrations, among other work. Born in France, Brett began working in Philadelphia c. 1846, when he partnered with John C. Keffer and produced Christmas and Valentine's Day cards. In 1847, Brett created illuminated plates for T.W. Gwilt Mapleson's 'Pearls of American Poetry. His partnership with Keffer dissolved on February 24, 1857, but Brett continued operating his business from the same location until c. 1850. Brett moved his business to another part of Philadelphia in 1850, with advertisements appearing in the 'North American' and 'Philadelphia Inquirer' listing the various services he could provide, 'such as the drawing and printing of landscapes, views of buildings, architectural and ornamental design, portraits, music titles, maps and labels, executed either plain, or in the colored style of printing dominated Chromo-Lithograph, to perfect which he has procured himself all the latest improvements.' From around 1852 until February 1853, Brett partnered with Scotsman David Chillas in A. Brett and Co. in Philadelphia. Their partnership ended in a protracted court battle of a $1,000 debt that reached the Pennsylvania Supreme Court and ended with the auction of lithographic stones and other stock owned by the company. Despite this disaster, Brett continued to operate his business between 1854 and 1856 at 4 and 6 South Seventh Street in Philadelphia, until, at the end of 1856, his establishment burned, handing him a loss of over $7,000. Brett tried to reestablish his firm in Philadelphia yet again, but, in the end, moved his family and his business to New York City. While in New York City, Brett continued to encounter professional setbacks, including an incident in 1868 when he was arrested and accused of assisting the firm Fisk and Hatch of forging checks against the Central Bank of Brooklyn. The following year, he was charged, along with his business partner and other printers in New York, of printing counterfeit notes for the 'Haytian Government'. Brett's reputation and business suffered due to these scandals, and he field for bankruptcy in on March 6, 1870. Despite this, the lithographic firm founded by Brett in New York, renamed Brett Lithographing Co. in 1872, survived until 1958, when it was acquired by the United States Printing and Lithographing Company. Brett continued working at the firm until his death. While in Philadelphia, Brett married a French immigrant named Maria, with whom he had four children. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Light soiling. Wear along original fold lines. Small loss along bottom border. Blank on verso.