The Western Hemisphere
1799 (dated) 19.5 x 18 in (49.53 x 45.72 cm)
An attractive example of John Cary's spectacular 1799 map of the Western Hemisphere. Covers the entirety of North America, South America, the Pacific Ocean and much of Polynesia. Europe is mapped according to early 19th century form. In North America the fledgling United States extends westward only so far as the Mississippi River. Florida is divided at the Apalachicola River into eastern and western sections. West Florida, ostensibly part of the Louisiana Purchase, was claimed by the Spanish and remained under their control until 1812. East Florida remained under Spanish control until 1821. The South America portion of the map is notable for its excellent detail in the Amazon basin and the massive Spanish holdings extending from Panama south to Patagonia. The routes and discoveries of important explorers are noted throughout and crisscross both the Pacific and the Atlantic. Most notable are the explorations of Cook, Vancouver and Perouse. All in all, one of the most interesting and attractive atlas maps Western Hemisphere to appear in first years of the 19th century. Prepared in 1799 by John Cary for issue in his magnificent 1808New Universal Atlas.
John Cary (1754 - 1835) was a London based cartographer active in the early part of the 19th century. Ronald Vere Tooley, the prominent English map historian, writes of Cary, "As an engraver he was elegant and exact with fine clear lettering and great delicacy of touch." Cary began his work as an engraver, cartographer, and globe maker in 1776 with his New and Correct English Atlas. This important atlas represented a new phase in cartography where accuracy and detail rose in prominence over the decorative embellishments of the 18th century. This change was indicative of the times when travel and commerce were expanding globally as never before. Cary's mastery of both engraving and cartography resulted in a series of seminal works that redefined mapmaking in the early 19th century. His stupendous Cary's New Universal Atlas, published in 1808, set the standard for all cartographers who followed. Cary reissued this seminal atlas in 1811, 1819, 1824, 1828, 1833, 1836 and 1844. Cary also did considerable work on the English Ordinance Survey prior to 1805. His cartographic work particularly inspired the Edinburgh school of cartography as represented by John Pinkerton and John Thomson. In America, Cary's work was used as the basis for Tanner's important New American Atlas. Cary's last published atlas appeared posthumously in 1844, however, by 1850 Cary's work was being carried on by his sons and other well-known cartographers including James Wyld, John Tallis & Company, and Crutchley.
Cary, John, Cary's New Universal Atlas, containing distinct maps of all the principal states and kingdoms throughout the World. From the latest and best authorities extant. London: Printed for J. Cary, Engraver and Map-seller, No. 181, near Norfolk Street, Strand, 1808.
Average condition. Minor offsetting. Original crease, offset to the right of center by approximately 1 inch, exhibits splitting and an old verso repair. Would benefit considerable from professional flattening and restoration - price reduced accordingly to accomidate this.
Rumsey 1657.002. Phillips (Atlases) 714. The Map Collector, issue 43, p. 40-47 (Atlas). National Maritime Museum, v. 3, no. 311.