1823 (undated) 15 x 15 in (38.1 x 38.1 cm)
An unusual and beautiful semi-manuscript map of the Western Hemisphere dating to 1823. The printed portions of this map follow the cartography of James Wyld and include the basic outlines of the continents, latitude and longitude lines, the equator, the tropics, the Arctic, the Antarctic, and the Meridian of London. The remainder of the map, including all textual labels and color work, had been completed in manuscript, that is to say, hand drawn. Wyld most likely produced this map intentionally without labels for use as a classroom workbook by which children could learn geography by filling in the blanks.
The manuscript geographical data and detail throughout is altogether outstanding. The work is completed in a fine hand adept at decorative text and the rendering of rivers and mountains. The geography follows the conventions of the period. In North America, California is identified as part of Mexico. Further north the Oregon-British Columbia border, as might be expected of an englishman, follows the Columbia River, well south of the current border. South America, illustrated in the midst of its wars of independence, features Colombia, Guyana, Brazil, La Plata and Patagonia. Parts of Greenland and Siberia, erroneously labeled 'Kamscatka,' are also mapped. So too are New Zealand and various Polynesian Islands. South of Tierra del Fuego, the 1819 discovery of the South Shetland Islands is noted. Canada appears as New Britain.
An altogether unique and wonderful one of a kind find.
James Wyld I (1790 - 1836) and his son James Wyld II (November 20, 1812 - 1887) were the principles of English mapmaking dynasty active in London during much of the 19th century. The elder Wyld was a map publisher under William Faden and did considerable work on the Ordinance Survey. On Faden's retirement, Wyld took over Faden's workshop acquiring many of his plates. Wyld's work can often be distinguished from his son's maps through his imprint, which he signed as "Successor to Faden". Following in his father's footsteps the younger Wyld joined the Royal Cartographical Society in 1830 at the tender age of 18. When his father died in 1836, James Wyld II was prepared to fully take over and expand his father's considerable cartographic enterprise. Like his father and Faden, Wyld II held the title of official Geographer to the Crown, in this case, Queen Victoria. Among his first major decisions was to move operations from William Faden's old office at Charing Cross East to a new larger space at 475 Strand. Wyld II also chose to remove Faden's name from all of his updated map plates. Wyld II continued to update and republish both his father's work and the work of William Faden well into the late 1880s. One of Wyld's most eccentric and notable achievements is his 1851 construction of a globe 19 meters in diameter in the heart of Leicester Square, London. In the 1840s Wyld also embarked upon a political career, being elected to parliament in 1847 and again in 1857. He died in 1887 following a prolific and distinguished career. After Wyld II's death, the family business was briefly taken over by James John Coper Wyld (1844 - 1907), his son, who ran the firm from 1887 to 1893 before selling the business to Edward Stanford. All three Wyld II and James John Coper Wyld are notable for producing, in addition to their atlas maps, short run maps expounding upon important historical events - illustrating history as it was happening - among them are maps related to the California Gold Rush, the New South Wales Gold Rush, the Scramble for Africa, the Oregon Question, and more.
Very Good. Partial manuscript. Original centerfold. Platemark visible. Wide margins.