This is a fine example of Conrad Malte-Brun's 1843 map of the Geographical Systems of the ancient Greek geographers Ptolemy, Strabo and eratosthenes. Of course, the world of the ancient Greeks centered on the Mediterranean and the Americas had yet to be discovered. europe, Asia, and Africa were however known leading prominent geographers of the ancient world to adopt a three part world model – a system that would remain in use until the era of Martin Waldseemuller in the early 16th century. The map is divided into three sections with the largest, top center, illustrating the geographical system of Alexandrian geographer Claudius Ptolemy. The section in the lower left quadrant depicts the system of eratosthenes and the one in the lower right quadrant depicts the system of Strabo. It is worth noting the superiority of the Ptolemaic system which would come to dominate european cartographic presentation until the discovery of America. This map was issued as plate no. 4 in Conrad Malte-Brun's 1843 Precis de la Geographie Universelle.
Conrad Malte-Brun (August 12, 1755 - December 14, 1826) was an important late 18th and early 19th century Danish / French cartographer and revolutionary. Conrad was born in Thisted, Denmark. His parents encouraged him to a career in the Church, but he instead enrolled in the University of Copenhagen. In the liberal hall of academia Conrad became an ardent supporter of of the French Revolution and the ideals of a free press. Despite the harsh censorship laws of crown prince Frederick VI, Malte-Brun published numerous pamphlets criticizing the Danish government. He was finally charged with defying censorship laws in 1799 and forced to flee to Sweden and ultimately France. Along with colleague Edme Mentelle, Malte-Brun published his first cartographic work, the Géographie mathématique, physique et politique de toutes les parties du monde (6 vols., published between 1803 and 1807). Conrad went on to found Les Annales des Voyages (in 1807) and Les Annales des Voyages, de la Géographie et de l'Histoire (in 1819). He also founded the Paris Société de Géographie . In time, Conrad Malte-Brun became known as one of the finest French cartographers of his time. His son Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (1816 - July 13, 1889) followed in his footsteps, republishing many of Conrad's original 18th century maps as well as producing numerous maps of his own. The Malte-Brun firm operated well into the 1880s.
Malte-Brun, Precis de la Geographie Universelle, ou Description de Toutes les Parties du Monde sur un Plan Nouveau, d'après les Grandes Divisions Naturelles du Globe, (Paris) 1843.
Very good. Blank on verso.