1875 Meiji 8 Shu Oka Japanese Map of the World

WorldZoteiYochiKokaizu-shuoka-1875
$4,000.00
Zotei yochi kokaizu.
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1875 Meiji 8 Shu Oka Japanese Map of the World

WorldZoteiYochiKokaizu-shuoka-1875

Enormous, impressive, Japanese map of the world.
$4,000.00

Title


Zotei yochi kokaizu.
  1875 (dated)    50 x 55 in (127 x 139.7 cm)     1 : 31800000

Description


An impressive 1875 (Meiji 8) map of the world by Shu Oka. This finely engraved map covers the entire world on Mercator's Projection. The map identifies the routes of various explorers throughout with extensive annotation as well as inset city plans, historical and anthropological notes, comparative mountains and rivers charts, and ethnographic maps. The border is composed of the flags of various nations. Cartographically this is an updated version of Seiyo Sato's important map of 1862, which itself is derived from Dutch sources admitted to Japan via the open port of Yokohama. Published in Tokyo by Meizankaku.

Cartographer


Japanese cartography appears as early as the 1600s. Japanese maps are known for their exceptional beauty and high quality of workmanship. Early Japanese cartography has its own very distinctive projection and layout system. Japanese maps made prior to the appearance of Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan in the mid to late 1850s often have no firm directional orientation, incorporate views into the map proper, and tend to be hand colored woodblock prints. This era, from the 1600s to the c. 1855, which roughly coincides with the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1603-1886), some consider the Golden Age of Japanese Cartography. Most maps from this period, which followed isolationist ideology, predictably focus on Japan. The greatest cartographer of the period, whose work redefined all subsequent cartography, was Ino Tadataka (1745 -1818). Ino's maps of Japan were so detailed that, when the European cartographers arrived they had no need, even with their far more sophisticated survey equipment, to remap the region. Later Japanese maps, produced in the late Edo and throughout the Meiji period, draw heavily upon western maps as models in both their content and overall cartographic style. While many of these later maps maintain elements of traditional Japanese cartography such as the use of rice paper, woodblock printing, and delicate hand color, they also incorporate western directional orientation, projection systems, and structural norms. Even so, Japan's isolationist policy kept most western maps from reaching Japan so even 19th century maps appear extremely out of date. The early Japanese maps copy the great 1602 Chinese world map of the friar Matto Ricci. After Shiba Kokan's 1792 map, most Japanese cartographers used Covens and Mortier's 1730 copy of Jaillot's 1689 double hemisphere work as their base world-view. In 1862 Seiyo Sato based a new world map on Dutch sources dating to 1857, thus introducing the Mercator projection to Japan. By the late Meiji Era, western maps became far more common in Asia and Japanese maps began to follow modern conventions.

Condition


Good. Map exhibits wear and toning a fold intersections. Some fold intersections exhibit minor loss. Folds into original boards.

References


Univ. of California Library, Berkeley, East Asian Library, A27.