Plan du Siege d'York et de Gloucester par les Armees Alliees en Septembre et Octobre 1781.
1787 (undated) 9 x 8 in (22.86 x 20.32 cm)
An exceptional 1787 map of the Battle of Yorktown by David Ramsay and Charles Picquet. Ramsay prepared this map for issue in his Histoire de la Revolution d'Amerique, a period account the Siege of Yorktown in which Ramsay participated as a field commander and surgeon. The Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Yorktown, or Surrender at Yorktown, the latter taking place on October 19, 1781, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, the siege proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in North America, as the surrender by Cornwallis and the capture of both him and his army prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict.
The map offers splendid detail illustrating various ships engaged in battle, some of which are sinking, and includes positions and movements of the French, English, and American combatants. Key sites, including General Washington's Quarters, Rochambeau's Quarters, Knox's Quarters, Clinton's Quarters, Baron von Steuben's Quarters, and the locations of a number of French commanders, the positions of the various batteries and groups of armies are noted. Militias are even noted by state. A table in the upper left quadrant features a key presenting the precise positioning of British warships. Just to the right of the battlefield the Maison de Moore (House of Moore) is identified. It was here that the opposing commander met after the battle to draft the Articles of Capitulation surrendering York and Gloucester to the victorious Continental forces.
Drawn by David Ramsay and engraved by Charles Picquet for issue in the French edition of Histoire de la Revolution d'Amerique, Ramsey's account of the American Revolution. Ramsay would go on to be elected twice to the Continental Congress representing South Carolina.
Ramsay, D., Histoire de la Revolution d'Amerique, (Paris) 1787.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor wear and creasing along original fold lines. Verso repair extending approximately 3 inches from left margin.