This is John Thomson's revised 1821 map of Korea and Japan. Both Korea and Japan are divided according to their constituent provinces with Hokkaido, identified as Jesso (Yesso), partially off the map. The island of Hachijo (incorrectly identified here as Fatsisio), just south of Edo Bay, is identified as a 'Place of Exile for the Grandees of Japan.' Although the Izu Islands were in fact used as convict settlements in the 18th century, Hachijo Island was not particular in that respect, nor was the social status of its criminals. A wall of wooden spikes dividing Chinese Tartary (today's Manchuria) from Korea is also noted. The sea between Japan and Korea, whose name, either the 'Sea of Korea' or the 'Sea of Japan,' is currently a matter of historical and political dispute between the two countries, is here identified in favor of Japan.
Changes to the 1821 Edition
Superficially, the 1821 version of this map lacks the Engravers' imprint, and the title is presented in a single line (as opposed to three lines, in the 1815.) The substance of the map is changed only in the waters to the west of the Korean Peninsula: in large part replacing the map's border between the 34th and 38th parallels, a 'Corean Archipelago' has been added in a pictorial fashion. The map includes an extensive textual note (from the account of an 1816 exploration) describing this expanse of tiny islands:
The whole coast for near two hundred miles, is completely studded with them, to the distance of 15 or 20 leagues from the Mainland, so that every attempt to enumerate them all or assign places on the Chart, on those we passed nearest to became after a time quite hopeless.
The whole is beautifully engraved in the minimalist English style pioneered in the early part of the 19th century. Thomson maps are known for their attractive color, generous size, and rich detail. Thomson's work, including this map, represents some of the finest British cartographic art of the 19th century. Relief is shown by hachure with towns, cities, and major topographical features identified.
Publication History and Census
This map was initially engraved in 1814 by J. and G. Menzies, and issued as Plate no. 34 for Thomson's 1817 issue of the New General Atlas
. This revised issue was included as plate number 38 in the 1821 edition of the same work. Seven separate examples of the earlier state appear in OCLC, but only one copy of the 1821 has been so catalogued, at the Newberry Library. The atlas is somewhat better represented, with 17 examples of the earlier edition and three of the latter appearing in institutional collections.
John Thomson (1777 - c. 1841) was a Scottish cartographer, publisher, and bookbinder active in Edinburgh during the early part of the 19th century. Thomson apprenticed under Edinburgh bookbinder Robert Alison. After his apprenticeship he briefly went into business with Abraham Thomson. Later the two parted ways, John Thomson segueing into maps and Abraham Thomson taking over the bookbinding portion of the business. Thomson is generally one of the leading publishers in the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson and his contemporaries (Pinkerton and Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include Thomson's New General Atlas, published from 1814 to 1821, the New Classical and Historical Atlas of 1829, and his 1830 Atlas of Scotland. The Atlas of Scotland, a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830, at which time their plates were sequestered by the court. The firm partially recovered in the subsequent year allowing Thomson to reclaim his printing plates in 1831, but filed again for bankruptcy in 1835, at which time most of his printing plates were sold to A. K. Johnston and Company. There is some suggestion that he continued to work as a bookbinder until 1841. Today, Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their impressive size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail. Learn More...
Thomson, J. A New General Atlas, (Edinburgh) 1821.
Excellent condition. Original hand coloring. Blank on verso.
OCLC: 566087605. Compare with Rumsey 1007.041.