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1828 Finley Map of Africa

Africa-finley-1828
$200.00
Africa. - Main View
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1828 Finley Map of Africa

Africa-finley-1828

A beautiful map of Africa predating the mid-19th century explosion of expeditions to explore the 'Dark Continent'.

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Title


Africa.
  1828 (undated)     12 x 9 in (30.48 x 22.86 cm)     1 : 35000000

Description


This is an 1828 Anthony Finley map of Africa that predates the mid-19th century explosion of European exploration of Africa. The map depicts the entire continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Horn of Africa and from continental Europe to the Cape of Good Hope. As is common with maps of Africa, large regions of the continent are left blank, known only for being 'unexplored'. Also, speculative cartography is prevalent. The Ptolemaic Mountains of the Moon are drawn stretching across the central part of Africa, with the suggestion that they are the source of several branches of the Nile. The Niger River is not immune to speculation either, with several possible courses for the river illustrated here, including one where the Niger joins the Nile, another that depicts the Niger flowing south from the Mountains of the Moon into the Congo, and even a third, which, correctly, bends southwards to empty into the Bight of Biafra. Numerous African tribes are identified throughout the map, including the Pomba, Jaga, Tbook, Tuareg, Tibboos, and Bambara. This, of course, is not an exhaustive list. An area in Mozambique is also labeled as being inhabited by cannibals.

This map was engraved by Young and Delleker for the 1828 edition of Anthony Finley's General Atlas.

CartographerS


Anthony Finley (August 25, 1784 - June 9, 1836) was an American book and map publisher based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Finley was born in Philadelphia in 1874. He opened a bookshop and publishing house at the Northeast corner of Fourth and Chestnut Street, Philadelphia in 1809. His earliest known catalog, listing botanical, medical and other scientific works, appeared in 1811. His first maps, engraved for Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa also appear in 1811. His first atlas, the Atlas Classica, was published in 1818. He soon thereafter published the more significant A New American Atlas and the New General Atlas…, both going through several editions from 1824 to 1834. Although most of Finley's cartographic material was borrowed from European sources, his atlases were much admired and favorably reviewed. In addition to his work as a printer, Finley ran unsuccessfully on the 1818 Democratic ticket for Philadelphia Common Council. He was also a founding officer of the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library, and a member of both the American Sunday-School Union and the Franklin Institute. Finely was active as a publisher until his 1836 death, apparently of a 'lingering illness.' Shortly thereafter advertisements began appearing for his map business and plates, most of which were acquired by Samuel Augustus Mitchell. Learn More...


James Hamilton Young (December 18, 1792 - c. 1870) was a Scottish-American draughtsman, engraver, and cartographer active in Philadelphia during the first half of the 19th century. Young was born in Avondale, Lanark, Scotland and emigrated to the United States sometime before 1817. Young was a pioneer in American steel plate engraving, a process superior to copper plate engraving due to the increased durability of steel. His earliest known maps date to about 1817, when Young was 25. At the time he was partnered with William Kneass (1780 - 1840), as Kneass, Young and Company, an imprint that was active from 1817 to 1820. He then partnered with with George Delleker, publishing under the imprint of Young and Delleker, active from 1822 to 1823. Young engraved for numerous cartographic publishers in the Philadelphia area, including Anthony Finley, Charles Varle, and Samuel Augustus Mitchell, among others. His most significant work includes maps engraved for for Anthony Finley and later Samuel Augustus Mitchell. Mitchell proved to be Young's most significant collaborator. The pair published numerous maps from about 1831 well into the 1860s. Young retired sometime in the mid to late 1860s. In 1840 he registered a patent for an improved system of setting up typography for printing. Learn More...

Source


Finley, Anthony, A New General Atlas, Comprising a Complete Set of Maps, representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe, Together with the several Empires, Kingdoms and States in the World; Compiled from the Best Authorities, and corrected by the Most Recent Discoveries, Philadelphia, 1828.    

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.

References


Rumsey 0285.058 (1831 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 4314, 760, 752, 6045.