Carte de l'Ancienne Phinicie.
1782 (undated) 9.5 x 13 in (24.13 x 33.02 cm)
1 : 2000000
This is a scarce 1782 map of Phoenicia or modern day Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria and Israel or Palestine (Holy Land) by Jean- Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales. The map covers from southern Turkey to Palestine and inland as far as Mesopotamia. Several important ancient cities are identified with their ancient names. The map also notes rivers, lakes and other topographical features, with mountains rendered in profile.
Phoenicia, according to some scholars, was an ancient civilization along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. Believed to be of Semitic origin, the Phoenicians (or Canaanites, as they might have called themselves), most likely appeared in the region about 3000 BC. They were notable maritime merchants and traders who colonized most of the Mediterranean Coast by the late eight century. This map identifies some of the important Phoenician cities and colonies including Tyre (Tyr) and Sidon, among others. The Phoenician phonetic alphabet, known to be the root the modern alphabet can be attributed to the Phoenicians.
This map was issued as part of Delisle de Sales' Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne. This volume is exceedingly rare as most of Sales' work was burnt under the censorship of heresy.
Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales or Jean-Baptiste Isoard de Lisle (1741–1816) was a French philosopher, historian, and accused heretic active in the late 18th century. Sales is best known for his publication of the multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature. The work, among other ideas, challenged the Biblical theory that the earth was created in 4004 BC. Instead, Sales put forth the theory based upon astronomical observations, that the earth was 140,000 years old. Sales' revolutionary ideas caused him to be declared a heretic by the Catholic Church. His publications were subsequently censored and, for the most part, destroyed. As a consequence all of his works are today extremely rare. Sales was also, notably, a close friend of Voltaire who in 1777 visited him in prison, gifting him 500 pounds towards his release. Delisle de Sales is unrelated to the more famous De L'Isle family of cartographers.
Delisle de Sales, Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne, (Paris) 1782.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.