Theatrum belli inter imperat. Carol VI et sult. Achmet IV in partibus regnorum Serviae et Bosniae ex authenticis subsidys delineatum a Ioh. Fr. Ottingero. / Regnum Bosniae, una cum finitimis Croatiae, Damatiae, Slavoniae, Hung et Servia partibus… / Regni Servia una cum finitimis Valachiae et Bulgariae partibus…
24.5 x 45 in (62.23 x 114.3 cm)
1 : 820000
An uncommon c. 1739 Homann Heirs map of the Balkans, this map, drawn by the royal military engineer Johann Friedrich (Franz) Ottinger (fl. c. 1736 - 1765), illustrates the events of the Austro-Turkish War of 1737 - 1739.
A Closer LookCoverage extends from the Dalmatian coast to Walachia and from Rijeka (Fiume) on the Kvarnar Gulf to the city of Nissa, including Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia, and parts of Slovenia and Bulgaria. Fifteen views and plans surround the map, illustrating Banialucka (Banja Luka), Belgrad (Beogad), Brodt (Slavonski Brod), Carlstadt (Karlovac), Chatchek (Cacak), Esseck (Osijek), Krakoievaz (Kragujevac), Nicopolis (Nikopol), Nissa (Nis), Orsava (Orsova), Peterwardin (Petrovaradin), Ratscha (Raca), Sabatz (Sabac), Seraglio (Sarajevo), Temeswar (Timisoara), Ussitza (Uzice), Valiova (Valjevo), Vipalancka (Palanka), Widdin (Vidin), Wihaz (Bihac), and Zwornek (Zvornik). There is an unusual foldout on the left side that expands coverage to include Dalmatia. Few examples of the map retain the foldout.
Austro-Turkish War (1737 - 1739)In the long list of conflicts between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, this war is often barely a footnote. The war was an extension of the Russo-Turkish War (1735 - 1739). Under Hapsburg Charles VI (1685 - 1740) Austria entered the war as an ally of Russia, leading to Austro-Turkish conflicts in the Balkans. Austrian forces proved ineffective against the Turks, despite the fact that the Ottomans were fighting a two front war. In the Balkans, Austria lost the Battle of Banja Luka in August 1737, the Battle of Grocka in July 1739, and were driven out of Belgrade after an Ottoman siege from July to September 1739. Austria finally signed the Belgrade Peace on September 18, 1739.
Publication History and CensusMost scholarship dates this map to 1736, however, our research of the events depicted suggest a later date of 1739. Many surviving examples do not have the fold out. This map appears to have been issued separately but is often found bound into various Homann atlases. Surviving examples are well represented in institutional collections, although it is difficult to determine exact publication dates for cataloged examples or if they include the fold out.
Homann Heirs (1730 - 1848) were a map publishing house based in Nurenburg, Germany, in the middle to late 18th century. After the great mapmaker Johann Baptist Homann's (1664 - 1724) death in 1724, management of the firm passed to his son Johann Christoph Homann (1703 - 1730). J. C. Homann, perhaps realizing that he would not long survive his father, stipulated in his will that the company would be inherited by his two head managers, Johann Georg Ebersberger (1695 - 1760) and Johann Michael Franz (1700 - 1761), and that it would publish only under the name 'Homann Heirs'. This designation, in various forms (Homannsche Heirs, Heritiers de Homann, Lat Homannianos Herod, Homannschen Erben, etc..) appears on maps from about 1731 onwards. The firm continued to publish maps in ever diminishing quantities until the death of its last owner, Christoph Franz Fembo (1781 - 1848). More by this mapmaker...
Good. Some creasing and fold wear.