Theatrum belli inter imperat. Carol VI et sult. Achmet IV in partibus regnorum Serviae et Bosniae ex authenticis subsidys delineatum a Ioh. Fr. Ottingero. / Regnum Bosniae, una cum finitimis Croatiae, Damatiae, Slavoniae, Hung et Servia partibus … / Regni Servia una cum finitimis Valachiae et Bulgariae partibus …
24.5 x 45 in (62.23 x 114.3 cm)
1 : 820000
An uncommon c. 1739 Homann Heirs map of the Balkans. The map was drawn by the royal military engineer Johann Friedrich (Franz) Ottinger (fl. c. 1736 - 1765) to illustrate the events of the Austro-Turkish War of 1737 - 1739. Coverage extends from the Dalmatian coast to Walachia to the city of Nissa, including Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia, and parts of Slovenia and Bulgaria. The map is surrounded by 15 views and plans, illustrating Banialucka (Banja Luka ), Belgrad (Beogad), Brodt (Slavonski Brod), Carlstadt (Karlovac), Chatchek (Cacak), Esseck (Osijek), Krakoievaz (Kragujevac), Nicopolis (Nikopol), Nissa (Nis), Orsava (Orsova), Peterwardin (Petrovaradin), Ratscha (Raca), Sabatz (Sabac), Seraglio (Sarajevo), Temeswar (Timisoara), Ussitza (Uzice), Valiova (Valjevo), Vipalancka (Palanka), Widdin (Vidin), Wihaz (Bihac), and Zwornek (Zvornik). There is an unusual foldout on the left side that expands coverage to include the Dalmatia. Few examples of the map retain the foldout.
Austro-Turkish War (1737 - 1739)In the long list of conflicts between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, this war is often barely a footnote. The war was an extension of the Russo-Turkish War (1735 - 1739). Under Hapsburg Charles VI (1685 - 1740) Austria entered the war as an ally of Russia, leading to Austro-Turkish conflicts in the Balkans. Austrian forces proved ineffective against the Turks, despite the fact that the Ottomans were fighting a 2-front war. In the Balkans, Austria lost the Battle of Banja Luka in August of 1737, the Battle of Grocka in July of 1739, and were driven out of Belgrade after an Ottoman siege from July to September 1739. Austria finally signed the Belgrade Peace on September 18, 1739.
Census and Publication HistoryMost scholarship dates this map to 1736, however, our research of the events depicted suggest a later date of 1739. Many surviving examples do not have the fold out. This map appears to have been issued separately but is often found bound into various Homann atlases.
Johann Baptist Homann (March 20, 1664 - July 1, 1724) was the most prominent and prolific map publisher of the 18th century. Homann was born in Oberkammlach, a small town near Kammlach, Bavaria, Germany. As a young man Homann studied in a Jesuit school and nursed ambitions of becoming a Dominican priest before converting to Protestantism in 1687. Following his conversion, Homann moved to Nuremberg and found employment as a notary. Around 1693 Homan briefly relocated to Vienna, where he lived and studied printing and copper plate engraving until 1695. Afterwards he returned to Nuremberg where, in 1702, he founded the commercial publishing firm that would bear his name. In the next five years Homann produced hundreds of maps and developed a distinctive style characterized by heavy detailed engraving, elaborate allegorical cartouche work, and vivid hand color. The Homann firm, due to the lower cost of printing in Germany, was able to undercut the dominant French and Dutch publishing houses while matching the diversity and quality of their output. By 1715 Homann's rising star caught the attention of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the VI, who appointed him Imperial Cartographer. In the same year he was also appointed a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Homann's prestigious title came with a number of important advantages including access to the most up to date cartographic information as well as the "Privilege". The Privilege was a type of early copyright offered to a few individuals by the Holy Roman Emperor. Though not as sophisticated as modern copyright legislation, the Privilege did offer a kind of limited protection for several years. Most all J. B. Homann maps printed between 1715 and 1730 bear the inscription "Cum Priviligio" or some variation. Following Homann's death in 1726, the management of the firm passed to his son Johann Christoph Homann (1703 - 1730). J. C. Homann, perhaps realizing that he would not long survive his father, stipulated in his will that the company would be inherited by his two head managers, Johann Georg Ebersberger and Johann Michael Franz, and that it would publish only under the name Homann Heirs. This designation, in various forms (Homannsche Heirs, Heritiers de Homann, Lat Homannianos Herod, Homannschen Erben, etc..) appears on maps from about 1731 onwards. The firm continued to publish maps in ever diminishing quantities until the death of its last owner, Christoph Franz Fembo in 1848.
Good. Come creasing and fold wear.