1849 Greenleaf Map of Brazil

Brazil. - Main View

1849 Greenleaf Map of Brazil


Brazil in the Years after Independence.


  1849 (undated)     10 x 12 in (25.4 x 30.48 cm)     1 : 10570000


A beautiful example of Jeremiah Greenleaf's 1849 map of Brazil, Guyana, and Paraguay, that appeared in his Universal Atlas.
A Closer Look
Brazil is displayed as divided into provinces, which are color-shaded for easy distinction. Cities and towns, mountains, lakes, and rivers, including the Amazon and its tributaries, are noted throughout. Along the coast, bays, capes, points, and islands are also marked. French, Dutch, and British Guiana along with Paraguay are similarly depicted, as are neighboring portions of Bolivia and the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.
Independence and Struggle in Brazil
After several attempted revolts, Brazil succeeded in gaining its independence from Portugal in 1822, a movement that, perhaps unexpectedly, was led by the son of the Portuguese King João VI. However, the country's early years saw a string of revolts and wars, as various social groups and newly-independent neighboring countries jockeyed for power. In this era, much of Brazil remained sparsely populated despite continued immigration and a significant portion of the economy relied on slavery and plantation agriculture, though modern industries were developed in the second half of the 19th century.
Publication History and Census
This map is a much-revised Greenleaf issue of the David Hugh Burr / 'Illman and Pilbrow' map of 1834 (also sold by us). The Burr map plates fell into the hands of Jeremiah Greenleaf, who revised them for publication in his own Universal Atlas. The present example is from the 1849 edition of the atlas, the last and final, which was extensively revised over the 1840s. We note an example in the David Rumsey Map Collection from the 1840 edition of the atlas, which has been populated digitally throughout OCLC, making a comprehensive survey of existing physical examples nearly impossible. Nonetheless, the 1849 edition of the atlas is rare.


Jeremiah Greenleaf (1791 - 1864) is a little known but highly admired American cartographer of the early 19th century. He published from roughly 1830 to 1850. His most important work is A New Universal Atlas; Comprising of all the Principal Empires, Kingdoms, and States Throughout the World and Forming a distinct Atlas of the United States, published in several editions in the 1840s. Many of his maps are reformatted versions of his contemporary David Burr's much admired cartographic works. Greenleaf's maps are extremely rare and admired for their stunningly vivid pastel color washes. More by this mapmaker...

David Hugh Burr (August 18, 1803 - December 25, 1875) of one of the first and most important truly American cartographers and map publishers. Burr was born in Bridgeport Connecticut in August of 1803. In 1822 Burr moved to Kingsboro, New York to study law. A year and a half later he was admitted to the New York Bar association. Burr must have questioned his choice of careers because shortly after being admitted to the Bar, he joined the New York State Militia. Though largely untrained in the art of surveying, Burr was assigned to work under Surveyor General of New York, Simeon De Witt, to survey several New York Roadways. Seeing a window of opportunity, Burr was able to negotiate with the governor of New York at the time, De Witt Clinton, to obtain copies of other New York survey work in order to compile a map and Atlas of the state of New York. Recognizing the need for quality survey work of its territory, the government of New York heartily endorsed and financed Burr's efforts. The resulting 1829 Atlas of the State of New York was the second atlas of an individual U.S. state and one of the most important state atlases ever produced. Burr went on to issue other maps both of New York and of the United States in general. In cooperation with publishing firm of Illman & Pillbrow, he produced an important New Universal Atlas and, with J.H. Colton, several very important maps of New York City. In recognition of this work, Burr was appointed both "Topographer to the Post office" and "Geographer to the House of Representatives of the United States". Later, in 1855, Burr was assigned to the newly created position of Surveyor General to the State of Utah. Burr retired from the position and from cartographic work in general in 1857 when light of some of his financial misdeeds and frauds came to light. He was accused of submitting false expense reports and underpaying employees, among other indiscretions. Learn More...


Greenleaf, J., New Universal Atlas, (Brattleboro, Vermont: Greenleaf) 1849.    


Very good. Light soiling. Toning along edge.


Rumsey 4850.062.