Cartoon Map of New York City.
1938 (dated) 12 x 26 in (30.48 x 66.04 cm)
1 : 32620
This is a 1938 Henry Emil Salloch pictorial map of New York City. The map depicts the city from Battery Park to the Bronx and from the Hudson River and Jersey City to Brooklyn and Queens. Wonderfully illustrated, pictorial vignettes highlight neighborhoods, buildings, and other landmarks throughout the city. The Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Flat Iron Building, and Rockefeller Center are just a few of the landmarks depicted. The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Natural History are both noted along Central Park, as are the Central Park Zoo and Columbia University. Times Square is written in lights, while Greenwich Village is marked by a painter at their easel. Madison Square, Union Square, and Washington Square, complete with its arch, are also included. The map also includes racist caricatures to mark China Town, the 'Jewish Ghetto' in the Lower East Side, Harlem, and the Harlem Market. 'The Ghetto', as it was known in the first few decades of the twentieth century, was simply the part of New York City where many Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe created their community on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. At the time, these Jewish immigrants made this neighborhood the most crowded neighborhood in the world.
The city's bridges are illustrated in profile and labeled, among these are the Brooklyn Bridge, the Manhattan Bridge, the Williamsburg Bridge, and the recently opened Triborough Bridge. A sign at the Queens end of the Queensboro Bridge points the way to the 1939 New York World's Fair, with its trademark Trylon and Perisphere just to the right. Two minor New York City celebrities are also illustrated in the Bronx: Peter the Great the hippopotamus and Alice the Asian elephant, who both lived in the Bronx Zoo. Peter the Great was born at the Central Park Zoo before being transferred to the Bronx and lived to be fifty years old, while Alice came to the zoo via Luna Park at Coney Island and was reportedly 'the most human connected elephant the zoo ever had'.
This map was drawn by Henry Emil Salloch, a German Jewish refugee who escaped from Nazi Germany and arrived in the United States in 1937, and was published by J.J. Augustin in the Cartoon Guide of New York City.
Henry Emil Salloch (December 31, 1908 - 1985) was a German-American artist and graphic designer. Born Heinz Emil Salloch in Berlin, Germany, Salloch studied art at the Muthesiushochschule in Kiel, Germany before returning to Berlin to teach art in 1929. After the rise of National Socialism and Adolf Hitler, Salloch refused to join the Nazi Party. He also continued to teach art to Jewish students, in defiance of a Party edict, and even used the Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter in his class. After his landlady informed him that the Gestapo had been asking around about him Salloch fled the country and ended up in Cuba before immigrating to the United States in 1937. He spent the late 1930s traveling up the U.S. East Coast from Florida to New York, where he lived in Montauk for a while. The 1940 U.S. Census notes Salloch as living as a bachelor in New York City. While in Germany, Salloch's art focused mainly on Modernist landscapes utilizing a pared-dawn abstracted style. After moving to the United States, however, he supported himself as a commercial artist. Salloch married Erika Salloch, a professor of German at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland, another Jewish German refugee who escaped Nazi Germany in 1937. Today, the Erika and Henry Salloch Prize is given by the Department of Modern Languages at Washington College, in memory of Erika and Henry Sallock, to the student whose achievement and personal commitment have contributed to the understanding of other cultures.
Hogner, Nils and Guy Scott, Cartoon Guide of New York City (New York: J.J. Augustin) 1938.
Very good. Light wear along original fold lines. Verso repair at fold intersection. Blank on verso.
Cornell University, Persuasive Maps: PJ Mode Collection, 2159.01. Rumsey 8769.003. OCLC 949663864.