Coast of North America, from Point Judith to Cape St. Antonio (Island of Cuba) Including the Bahama Banks.
1846 (dated) 29.5 x 58 in (74.93 x 147.32 cm)
1 : 750000
This is a first edition 1846 Edmund and George William Blunt nautical chart or maritime map of the east coast of the United States featuring manuscript notations. The map depicts the region from Barren Inlet, North Carolina to Point Judith, Rhode Island and from Washington, D.C. to the Atlantic Ocean. Highly detailed, myriad depth soundings are indicated all along the coast and in Long Island Sound, Delaware Bay, Chesapeake Bay, and along the Potomac River to Washington, D.C. Manuscript notations appear along the coast from Ocracock Inlet, North Carolina to Montauk Point on Long Island, complete with course information and other notes. Cities up and down the Atlantic Seaboard are labeled, including New London, New Haven, New York City, Brooklyn, Williamsburg, Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Annapolis. Other identified locations include Cape Lookout, Cape Hatteras, Cape Henry, Cape Henlopen, Cape May, and Block Island. Lighthouses are noted by red dots with yellow beams emitting from them. Inset maps of New York Harbor, Absecum Shoals, Cape Fear, Cape Hatteras, Cape Lookout, Winyaw Bay, Bald Head, and Lewistown Bay are situated along the top border.
Blueback ChartsBlueback nautical charts began appearing in London in the late 18th century. Bluebacks, as they came to be called, were privately published large format nautical charts known for their distinctive blue paper backing. The backing, a commonly available blue manila paper traditionally used by publishers to warp unbound pamphlets, was adopted as a practical way to reinforce the low-quality paper used by private chart publishers in an effort to cut costs. The earliest known blueback charts include a 1760 chart issued by Mount and Page, and a 1787 chart issued by Robert Sayer. The tradition took off in the early 19th century, when British publishers like John Hamilton Moore, Robert Blachford, James Imray, William Heather, John William Norie, Charles Wilson, David Steel, R. H. Laurie, and John Hobbs, among others, rose to dominate the chart trade. Bluebacks became so popular that the convention was embraced by chartmakers outside of England, including Americans Edmund March Blunt and George Eldridge, as well as Scandinavian, French, German, Russian, and Spanish chartmakers. Blueback charts remained popular until the late 19th century, when government subsidized organizations like the British Admiralty Hydrographic Office and the United States Coast Survey, began issuing their own superior charts on high quality paper that did not require reinforcement.
Publication History and CensusThis chart was first published by Edmund and George William Blunt in 1846 and appeared in several subsequent editions through 1869. We have located a handful of examples from later editions of this chart dating mostly from the mid-1850s through the 1860s in institutional collections and on the private market. We have not located any examples from the 1840s, and there are no other known examples of the 1846 first edition.
Edmund March Blunt (June 20, 1770 - 1862) was an American navigator, bookseller, chartmaker, and cartographer based in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Blunt was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1770. In 1796, along with the nominal assistance of prominent navigator Captain Lawrence Furlong, Blunt published The American Coast Pilot, one of the most important published works on American navigation. Although much of the work was plagiarized from British publications, the Coast Pilot was an immediate popular success. In response to the popularity of his work, Blunt published 21 subsequent editions, each with important updates and revisions. The first edition to contain map plates was printed in 1804. Following a fire that destroyed his offices at The Sign of the Bible in 1811, Blunt moved his business to New York and opened a new shop, The Sign of the Quadrant. In time his sons, Edmond Jr. (1799 - 1866) and George William (1802 - 1878), took over the family business, and renamed the firm E. and G. W. Blunt and published their own nautical books, charts,and instruments, as well as their father’s. In 1830, Edmund accepted a position under Ferdinand Hassler at the United States Office of the Coast Survey. Much of Blunt's original work eventually found its way into U.S. Coast Survey Publications. Due to the quality and detail of Blunt's work, subsequent editions of his most important charts were republished well into the 1880s.
Charles Copley (fl. 1843-69), was an American nautical chart and globe publisher based in Brooklyn, New York and active in the middle part of the 19th century. He was born in England and emigrated to the United States in the 1840s. He became a citizen in 1844. Charles Copley's earliest work is associated with the firm of E. and G. W. Blunt and his name appears as cartographer or engraver on several of Blunt's c. 1840 charts – so he must have began working the Blunt shortly after immigrating. Around 1847 Copley began publishing independently and advertising himself as and engraver and map publisher. Most of his independent work was published in the 1850s.
Good. Blueback. Working nautical chart. Remargined along left side. Soiling and cracking. Blank on verso.